The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Windows for basement egress
Many people install in the basement billiard, gyms or even swimming pool, only trust business should be highly qualified specialists that are able to ensure the safety and reliability of its construction. Because errors can lead to basement flooding, subsidence or deformation of the Foundation. Browse some photo of Windows for basement egress
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
To begin construction on the site with a high groundwater level, it is necessary to correctly design the Foundation. When the Foundation design must consider not only the groundwater level, and depth of soil freezing. And also what type of Foundation is suitable for soil with high groundwater level: strip Foundation, slab Foundation, pier Foundation.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
Protection of the basement from the water – one of the main tasks in its construction. It includes a range of measures to ensure the water tightness of basement walls and floor as well as the prevention of rise of water inside the structure through the capillaries. Most reliable waterproofing can be done only at the stage of construction.
The most reliable will be a monolithic wall. They still at the stage of creating the armature plate make the vertical reinforcement bars: outer – length 1.5-1.7 m, inner 1.2-1.3 m. When the base plate attains 70% of its strength, continue to knit the reinforcing frame in accordance with the project. Reinforced inner and the outer walls serve as ribs for slab Foundation. Height of basement walls may be different, depending on the destination premises.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
The drainage under the house consists of a system of pipes (drains), manholes and pumps. Drainage pipe are based, they collect excess moisture through holes or joints and lead her to the gathering place – wells. If breathing is difficult, the natural outflow of the applied submersible pumps, which are placed on the bottom of the wells – they forcibly take the water out of the house. A mandatory principle in the drainage device is a bias towards wells.
The working principle of natural ventilation is based on the difference in temperature inside and outside of the basement, resulting in starts the movement of air. Thanks to this simple natural phenomenon, the air from the cellar in the sky, on the street, and the street comes fresh. Unfortunately, the thrust is sufficient natural ventilation is strongly influenced by the wind that would both enhance, and weaken the appetite.
The outer layer of insulation not only performs a heat insulating function, but also protects the waterproofing from mechanical and thermal damage. With insulation from the inside penetrating through the water vapor will turn into moisture at the junction with the wall, which can lead to the accumulation of moisture, smudges on finishing coatings and unpleasant smell in the room. And disadvantages of internal insulation not be immediately apparent, but over time.
Often, to increase the temperature of the air homeowners use electric heaters, while in the basement they look bulky and not always solve the problem. A good solution will be held in the basement of the heating system, however, from a technical point of view is the massive amount of work. Read related articles on the subject of Windows for basement egress
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.