The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Window wells basement
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of Window wells basement
Not enough for the good basement just to dig a hole. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and is well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if there is typed in water. If the water doesn’t come, you’re in luck. Otherwise, there is a need to carry out waterproofing works. And it should be done carefully, since the error is then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Inside the base, you should dig a pit for the construction of a basement. The soil must be removed. After the completion of the need to align the bottom of the pit, pour on top a layer of crushed stone or gravel with a thickness of 10-15 cm the soil is sure to be well compacted. Next, the floor must pour a layer of cement mortar.
Distinguish waterproofing of vertical and horizontal. The first is designed to protect the Foundation walls, the second, respectively from the water coming from the depths of the soil and affecting the floor of the basement. Before designing a you must carefully examine the composition of the soil, depth of frost penetration and the level of occurrence of water.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
Basement walls need quality reinforcement, as on top of them will push the weight of the structures of the house, and on the sides of the surrounding building ground. For the walls of a small private basement binding of the reinforcement can be made with your own hands, without attraction of experts. Reinforcement is also used in cases when the expected high mechanical loads on the concrete structure.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
Microclimate in any basement best supports the air handling system. It consists of two ducts, one for air intake and the other for exhaust. The lower end of the supply pipe is attached 50 cm from the floor of the basement, and the top needs to protrude beyond the level of the soil at 1 meter. The lower end of the exhaust pipe is located at 150 cm from the floor of the basement, beyond the top ridge of the roof 50 cm.
Insulation of basement walls on the outside is best done at the stage of building a house — when the Foundation is laid, made waterproofing, but has not yet filled his sinuses. If a private home operated, the amount of work increases significantly. First, it is necessary to dig a basement is to dig a perimeter trench of a house off the Foundation to the very bottom.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of Window wells basement
The construction of the basement is an important and responsible process, which must be approached with knowledge of the matter. If you doubt your abilities, then discuss all the nuances of the device’s basement with specialists. We must not forget that a slight miscalculation in the construction and use of wrong materials can result in further costly repairs.