The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Trimming basement windows
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Trimming basement windows
Basements and high underground is built on dry soil. Often in rural homes, the floors arranged on the joists, which are placed on the brick pillars, and they rest directly on the ground. In this case, under the floor boards formed the underground, the height of which is typically 150-250 mm. If the height of the underground is over, it will increase heat loss if it is less, it will deteriorate underground ventilation.
Depending on the capabilities of the host building and the technical capabilities of the structure, the basement can be expanded, both in depth and in width. In any case, the basement is a special value. To begin construction, you must develop basement project. When selecting a location for building future home, if possible, keep in mind that if You decide to expand into the basement, it’s easy to face a problem of groundwater. In the case where the selected location for construction of a residential house or an industrial building, has a rocky terrain and the groundwater level increases (permanent or seasonal), the cost of equipment the basement is greatly increased.
When choosing a Foundation you need to consider several factors: type of soil, the total area of the future construction, the materials used, the ability of the excavation, the presence of a cellar under the extension. As the basis can be chosen tape or pier Foundation.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
The main function of waterproofing basements, as basements — protection against penetration of groundwater, rainwater and meltwater. In addition, the waterproofing prevents the penetration of moist vapors from the basement to the higher spaces, keeping them comfortable microclimate. The most convenient and effective way to protect a basement from moisture — penetrating waterproofing.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
There are different patterns of reinforcement of the basement. For walls made monolithic method, most often used box diagram. The Assembly of the valves is performed by the device of two power series and connecting them with horizontal, thin reinforcing elements. For a basement wall reinforcement mesh is chosen sufficiently elastic, and the binding of elements it is better to use wire without welding.
Water from the drainage system can be abstracted in a septic tank, a drainage ditch or specially for this purpose built cumulative well. In the simplest version it is a deep pit, filled with broken brick, gravel, crushed stone, fine construction debris. It is important that the bottom of the pit was permeable, so when it is digging, it is desirable to achieve a layer of soil, which would be a sufficient amount of sand or sandy loam.
If the basement has a small volume, it is possible to use a slightly simplified scheme. The main difference between supply and exhaust air duct is that it delivers and removes air with a single design, which has both exhaust and supply channel. However, in this case will be confined to only a small volume of air.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
Often, to increase the temperature of the air homeowners use electric heaters, while in the basement they look bulky and not always solve the problem. A good solution will be held in the basement of the heating system, however, from a technical point of view is the massive amount of work. Read related articles on the subject of Trimming basement windows
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.