The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Standard size basement windows
In the basements of homes suit different premises: garages, pantries, baths (including a pool), workshop, Laundry and storage area. The basement is used as a vegetable store, the storage of the tubers and bulbs of flowers. Many people throw in the mushrooms, trying to breed exotic birds and animals. The basement seems to be a place for such studies, which are impossible to do in the premises. Browse some photo of Standard size basement windows
The height of the basement: technical premises take from 1.9 to 2.2 m. If you are going to do from the basement of a dwelling, the height may be equal to the height of the floor or just below (2,5-2,7 m). At the close inception of the groundwater to the ground surface basement need to build from solid reinforced concrete (floor, walls). It is better to take concrete below grade M500 (or make concrete using cement grade M500).
Before you start to perform the work necessary to perform geological studies to determine the groundwater level. This will help to establish the necessary depth of the basement and to solve some building issues. If the level is low you can dig a deep basement with high water are close to the surface) is constructed underground, or additionally constructed drainage ditch. After running the drawing and calculations of the future basement.
Often construction requires large expenditures of funds. This is due to the fact that the construction of the basement must be implemented simultaneously with the construction of the Foundation. High consumption of materials creates additional costs. The choice of type of Foundation: slab Foundation, strip Foundation, pier Foundation.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
Basement walls, as a rule, is combined with strip foundations, and the ceiling — with a ground floor. The thickness of the walls at their depth more than 1 m is determined from the lateral pressure of soil. Dry soils have the basement walls post concrete and reinforced concrete. To increase the strength of the walls, built of bricks and concrete blocks, in horizontal seams of a laying, 30-40 cm in height, put the reinforcement mesh and top and bottom walls along their perimeter, arrange reinforced belt. In addition to stability, the basement walls should have good heat-quality and reliable waterproofing.
When laying out any kind of material you need to perform at least the simplest reinforcement of basement walls. It is accomplished by enabling horizontal linking elements. It is important for corners in which you can use items with a cross detail. In this way, the corners of such masonry will never disperse. Also in the reinforcement of basement walls is often used mesh. It helps to reduce the destruction of surface layers from the effects of temperature gradients and different vibrations. For reinforcement of the brick walls also need special fittings.
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Insulation of basement walls on the outside is best done at the stage of building a house — when the Foundation is laid, made waterproofing, but has not yet filled his sinuses. If a private home operated, the amount of work increases significantly. First, it is necessary to dig a basement is to dig a perimeter trench of a house off the Foundation to the very bottom.
After work on basement insulation can begin to address the heating issue. Of course, ideally, a source of heating the entire home must be located in the basement. But to install such a heating system requires a specialized ventilation system and ceilings having a height of 3 meters. When the location of the boiler in the basement of the forced and natural circulation of the coolant. Read related articles on the subject of Standard size basement windows
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.