The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Small basement windows
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Small basement windows
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
Preparation of preliminary designs of the basement includes the following information: basic drawings, taking into account the layout of the site of construction, number of storeys and basic dimensions of the future construction, the existence of additional add-ins, presence of a basement and the inspection pits and their characteristics. Is determined by the configuration of the entrance gate, the presence of additional inputs. Given the calculation of insolation considers the number, size and location of window openings. Also, the thumbnails in the design of the garage should be taken into account the individual layout of internal areas, taking into account the wishes and needs of the customer.
To begin construction on the site with a high groundwater level, it is necessary to correctly design the Foundation. When the Foundation design must consider not only the groundwater level, and depth of soil freezing. And also what type of Foundation is suitable for soil with high groundwater level: strip Foundation, slab Foundation, pier Foundation.
To make a future home large basement, you must excavate, and using formwork to build in this strip Foundation, so that it was located under each of the walls. In addition to filling concrete into the formwork, this method of construction it is possible to use ready-made concrete blocks. But then definitely need a crane.
Basement waterproofing should be carried out in several stages. In the beginning it is necessary to conduct surveys of the basement. If the basement already has water then it is necessary to completely drain it, then check the condition of the subfloor (slab) for strength, check the junction floor-wall, condition of basement walls. To develop recommendations on waterproofing a basement.
After the spacecraft made a plan and made calculations of the basement walls, you can start immediate construction. To basement walls were reliable, it is necessary to use the technology of casting monolithic strip Foundation on a sand cushion. The thickness of walls constructed in a basement may vary from 200 to 400 mm, depending on soil and number of storeys of the structure.
Reinforcement of basement walls is quite a complex construction process. In this case the whole building or its individual structures is given increased strength from the pressure, torsion and bending moment. In this case, increases the life of the structure and increase its performance.
The most convenient second option: the circular drainage, which is performed at a distance of 1-2 m from the Foundation walls. In this case, the pavement and the landscaping will not be disturbed. So how to make drainage in the basement without the development scheme will not work, first of all you need to do it.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Small basement windows
Only well-equipped basement will be dry, without any smell of damp, and only use it as a full additional floor. It equipped with various storage rooms and a full room – boiler room, Laundry room, bath, wine cellar, Billiards room, etc.