The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Securing basement windows
Basement-garage fully explains its name. But in this case, it is important to have convenient access to the garage. A basement need to build, based on the size of the car and space to access it from either side. You also need to provide a place to store all of the necessary tools and materials to work with the machine. Browse some photo of Securing basement windows
Not enough for the good basement just to dig a hole. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and is well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if there is typed in water. If the water doesn’t come, you’re in luck. Otherwise, there is a need to carry out waterproofing works. And it should be done carefully, since the error is then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
Waterproofing of underground (ground) floor of a private house, i.e. the basement (cellar, basement, underground) must be done at the construction stage. But, if the problem is already in the process of operation, it will have to perform internal waterproofing of walls, floor and even ceiling of the basement, i.e., from inside the premises.
After the spacecraft made a plan and made calculations of the basement walls, you can start immediate construction. To basement walls were reliable, it is necessary to use the technology of casting monolithic strip Foundation on a sand cushion. The thickness of walls constructed in a basement may vary from 200 to 400 mm, depending on soil and number of storeys of the structure.
When laying out any kind of material you need to perform at least the simplest reinforcement of basement walls. It is accomplished by enabling horizontal linking elements. It is important for corners in which you can use items with a cross detail. In this way, the corners of such masonry will never disperse. Also in the reinforcement of basement walls is often used mesh. It helps to reduce the destruction of surface layers from the effects of temperature gradients and different vibrations. For reinforcement of the brick walls also need special fittings.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If the basement has a small volume, it is possible to use a slightly simplified scheme. The main difference between supply and exhaust air duct is that it delivers and removes air with a single design, which has both exhaust and supply channel. However, in this case will be confined to only a small volume of air.
If you plan on the first floor the arrangement of heated floors, then be sure to provide sufficient thickness of insulation of the floors to minimize heat losses. The mounting and location of the heating pipes in some extent depends on the placement of the waterproofing layer. If the membrane is under a layer of insulation, the pipes can be fastened to the insulating plate with a flexible heating pipes, fasteners which do not damage high-strength insulation.
Pretty easy to do just water heating all over the house and in the basement. Why choose this type of heating. Arrange heating of this kind is possible using the gas boiler and electric. Here, of course, can not do without drawbacks. Since the space is heated by steam, the highest temperature will remain at the top of the room. And of course there are benefits: the system will always have hot water. Read related articles on the subject of Securing basement windows
Basement – this room is arranged a little below the surface of the earth. Depending on the type of design and materials used cellars can be used for storage of materials, tools, as a workshop, in some cases as additional living space. The construction of the basement complex and time-consuming process, requiring specific knowledge and skills. Getting to the construction of the basement suggest to familiarize with the main types of work.