The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Secure basement windows
The basement as technical facilities allows to host the area necessary engineering structures to house, for example, the heating system (boiler), water heaters, filters and more. This will allow you to free up space in the rooms (for example, to get rid of the boiler in the kitchen). Browse some photo of Secure basement windows
It is advisable to build a basement or cellar in a house located on high dry soils. This decision is justified structurally and economically in a strip Foundation and ground slab, as the additional expenditure associated with the construction will be 3-5 times less than if you build a separate room with a similar usable area.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
The Foundation should be doing the most robust and reliable that its walls could successfully resist the horizontal shifts due to the pressure of the surrounding soil. As a Foundation base is recommended to use a pillow of in-situ concrete, associated with ribbon cage. As the weight of the slab is large enough, the sole should be broad.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
Basement walls, as a rule, is combined with strip foundations, and the ceiling — with a ground floor. The thickness of the walls at their depth more than 1 m is determined from the lateral pressure of soil. Dry soils have the basement walls post concrete and reinforced concrete. To increase the strength of the walls, built of bricks and concrete blocks, in horizontal seams of a laying, 30-40 cm in height, put the reinforcement mesh and top and bottom walls along their perimeter, arrange reinforced belt. In addition to stability, the basement walls should have good heat-quality and reliable waterproofing.
Reinforcement of basement walls is quite a complex construction process. In this case the whole building or its individual structures is given increased strength from the pressure, torsion and bending moment. In this case, increases the life of the structure and increase its performance.
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
Before you start heating the communication to the ground floor, it is recommended to assess its condition and determine whether the need and feasibility of heating. If you meet all the construction technology of the ground floor, good insulation and waterproofing, it remains only to choose the right equipment for the heating of the ground floor, its installation and laying of wiring. Read related articles on the subject of Secure basement windows
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.