The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Sealing basement windows
Another purpose of the basement device here engineering communications of the building, such as ventilation unit, components of the heating system or power supply at home and even a small boiler – the boiler room . In the basement is provided by the practical ideal conditions for security of electricity and teploobrazovanija, maintenance or repair. Browse some photo of Sealing basement windows
The construction of the basement is the first stage of construction of a private house, unless, of course, not to consider the Foundation and planning of the territory. In some situations, the construction of the Foundation is just the beginning of the construction of the basement – such is the approach chosen in the construction of low and light buildings. The whole process of construction of basements can be divided into three main stages: this is the digging (excavation device), concrete Foundation pouring and the construction of basement walls, which in turn are part of the Foundation.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
Usually basements gidroizolyatsiya already in the construction phase of the building. Wherein the protective material is laid under the floor, and they handled the walls of the underground space on the outside. However, nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later the waterproofing layer loses its quality. In the basement there is dampness. Of course, you can dig it up from the outside and glue the walls with another layer of waterproofing. However, the procedure is pretty slip. Besides the floors so the outside will not saibaiwei. In this case, is usually used some other way of protection from dampness, waterproofing basements from the inside.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If the height of the basement exceeds 2 meters, and its area is quite impressive, it is better to have a facility of ventilation, called natural. It is based on the temperature difference in the basement air and outside. It is sufficient to include in the design of the building, two of the ventilation duct, which would be sufficient for the device of ventilation.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Sealing basement windows
It is worth noting that to do basements in existing buildings is not recommended because it will cause high construction costs. In addition, increase the risk of damage to the Foundation of the building, especially if the device runs basements with their hands.