The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Sealing basement window wells
The basement as a workshop or warehouse space is well suited for those who love tinkering something with their hands. For convenience it can be divided into 2 zones: the working and storage. And you can make a Desk in the center and around the perimeter of arrange all the necessary tools and materials. If you plan to create only the warehouse, you can make the shelves to long to find where everything is. Browse some photo of Sealing basement window wells
Not enough for the good basement just to dig a hole. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and is well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if there is typed in water. If the water doesn’t come, you’re in luck. Otherwise, there is a need to carry out waterproofing works. And it should be done carefully, since the error is then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
When the need arises to reinforce the basement walls do not need to immediately call a team of builders, so as to cope with this task on their own. You just need to understand details of reinforcement technology, which involves adding a metal reinforcement in the design to increase its strength, durability and improve performance.
Only waterproofing without drainage is usually not able to protect the basement from water. In a basement without drainage a few years may not be water, and then she suddenly appears there. This has changed the hydrogeological conditions around the basement, which over time can change. Or water found a hole in the waterproofing of walls and floors. To protect the basement from water it is most advantageous when building a house to do wall ring drainage around the basement walls and Foundation.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Waterproofing membrane under the concrete Foundation can be placed over the foam and underneath. In both solutions, insulation and waterproofing basements or cellars will have the same performance. The traditional laying of the membrane on the concrete base insulation layer will protect it during construction works from mechanical damage and provide a robust enough surface for laying the slab Foundation.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Sealing basement window wells
If you decide to build it all yourself, then be sure to get support. Even the trite advice of neighbors who have already made the cellars in their houses and know all about the level of groundwater and the terrain. When possible, the construction of the basement must be done, by hiring professionals.