The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Replacing old basement windows
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of Replacing old basement windows
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
After the spacecraft made a plan and made calculations of the basement walls, you can start immediate construction. To basement walls were reliable, it is necessary to use the technology of casting monolithic strip Foundation on a sand cushion. The thickness of walls constructed in a basement may vary from 200 to 400 mm, depending on soil and number of storeys of the structure.
Basement walls need quality reinforcement, as on top of them will push the weight of the structures of the house, and on the sides of the surrounding building ground. For the walls of a small private basement binding of the reinforcement can be made with your own hands, without attraction of experts. Reinforcement is also used in cases when the expected high mechanical loads on the concrete structure.
The purpose of external drainage, the redirection of groundwater. There are two possible variant of the device of drainage path: drainage wall and ring. The first is built next to the Foundation walls with old houses is unacceptable, as it threatens the destruction of their base.
The working principle of natural ventilation is based on the difference in temperature inside and outside of the basement, resulting in starts the movement of air. Thanks to this simple natural phenomenon, the air from the cellar in the sky, on the street, and the street comes fresh. Unfortunately, the thrust is sufficient natural ventilation is strongly influenced by the wind that would both enhance, and weaken the appetite.
Waterproofing membrane under the concrete Foundation can be placed over the foam and underneath. In both solutions, insulation and waterproofing basements or cellars will have the same performance. The traditional laying of the membrane on the concrete base insulation layer will protect it during construction works from mechanical damage and provide a robust enough surface for laying the slab Foundation.
Pretty easy to do just water heating all over the house and in the basement. Why choose this type of heating. Arrange heating of this kind is possible using the gas boiler and electric. Here, of course, can not do without drawbacks. Since the space is heated by steam, the highest temperature will remain at the top of the room. And of course there are benefits: the system will always have hot water. Read related articles on the subject of Replacing old basement windows
Basement – this room is arranged a little below the surface of the earth. Depending on the type of design and materials used cellars can be used for storage of materials, tools, as a workshop, in some cases as additional living space. The construction of the basement complex and time-consuming process, requiring specific knowledge and skills. Getting to the construction of the basement suggest to familiarize with the main types of work.