The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Replacing basement windows with metal frames
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of Replacing basement windows with metal frames
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
Often construction requires large expenditures of funds. This is due to the fact that the construction of the basement must be implemented simultaneously with the construction of the Foundation. High consumption of materials creates additional costs. The choice of type of Foundation: slab Foundation, strip Foundation, pier Foundation.
Inside the base, you should dig a pit for the construction of a basement. The soil must be removed. After the completion of the need to align the bottom of the pit, pour on top a layer of crushed stone or gravel with a thickness of 10-15 cm the soil is sure to be well compacted. Next, the floor must pour a layer of cement mortar.
Usually basements gidroizolyatsiya already in the construction phase of the building. Wherein the protective material is laid under the floor, and they handled the walls of the underground space on the outside. However, nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later the waterproofing layer loses its quality. In the basement there is dampness. Of course, you can dig it up from the outside and glue the walls with another layer of waterproofing. However, the procedure is pretty slip. Besides the floors so the outside will not saibaiwei. In this case, is usually used some other way of protection from dampness, waterproofing basements from the inside.
Since the main enemy of a basement is groundwater, the wall material should be strong and the most waterproof. Sometimes you can find recommendations to build the basement walls of the Foundation blocks. Although this solution is cheaper than the monolithic walls, but it is only suitable for sites with low groundwater level. Special attention in this case should be given to waterproofing the walls.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
How to adjust the humidity in the basement? For this purpose, the mankind has already invented ventilation. Usually this useful site provides before the start of construction of the house. Vents (produhi), which are available in the basement part of the Foundation of almost any buildings, just play the role of ventilation. If the house is not yet built, this method of ventilation will be a smart decision, because does not require additional costs and is fully functional.
Insulation of basement walls on the outside is best done at the stage of building a house — when the Foundation is laid, made waterproofing, but has not yet filled his sinuses. If a private home operated, the amount of work increases significantly. First, it is necessary to dig a basement is to dig a perimeter trench of a house off the Foundation to the very bottom.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Replacing basement windows with metal frames
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.