The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Replacing basement windows concrete
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of Replacing basement windows concrete
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
Protection of the basement from the water – one of the main tasks in its construction. It includes a range of measures to ensure the water tightness of basement walls and floor as well as the prevention of rise of water inside the structure through the capillaries. Most reliable waterproofing can be done only at the stage of construction.
The most reliable will be a monolithic wall. They still at the stage of creating the armature plate make the vertical reinforcement bars: outer – length 1.5-1.7 m, inner 1.2-1.3 m. When the base plate attains 70% of its strength, continue to knit the reinforcing frame in accordance with the project. Reinforced inner and the outer walls serve as ribs for slab Foundation. Height of basement walls may be different, depending on the destination premises.
Reinforcement of monolithic basement walls is performed using the power set, which is selected based on the thickness of the walls and anticipated load. For monolithic walls, often use a box scheme. In this case, the armature is collected by means of two power series and connecting horizontal rows of thin reinforcement products. Reinforcement of retaining walls perform better under the supervision of experts. For this work used special fittings with thickness up to 50 mm.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of Replacing basement windows concrete
If you decide to build it all yourself, then be sure to get support. Even the trite advice of neighbors who have already made the cellars in their houses and know all about the level of groundwater and the terrain. When possible, the construction of the basement must be done, by hiring professionals.