The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Replacement windows basement
Basement-garage fully explains its name. But in this case, it is important to have convenient access to the garage. A basement need to build, based on the size of the car and space to access it from either side. You also need to provide a place to store all of the necessary tools and materials to work with the machine. Browse some photo of Replacement windows basement
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
The device basement waterproofing involves protection of buildings outside and inside. However, it is not always possible to perform the waterproofing work on time and in full. And, as experience shows, to do them later is much more expensive and complicated. Depending on the plot, select vertical and horizontal waterproofing.
Since the main enemy of a basement is groundwater, the wall material should be strong and the most waterproof. Sometimes you can find recommendations to build the basement walls of the Foundation blocks. Although this solution is cheaper than the monolithic walls, but it is only suitable for sites with low groundwater level. Special attention in this case should be given to waterproofing the walls.
Reinforcement, monolithic walls of the basement can be executed independently. If you add the reinforcement details in the concrete, it of simple material becomes particularly strong. Reinforcement concrete walls is performed with the help of formwork and frame. To make the reinforced net can be a day after the flooding of the basement. All wall surfaces must be mounted vertically and in corners must be especially strong ligament.
If you wish to make a more efficient and fast drainage system, it is possible to provide for the installation of the special pump. The drainage unit is able to pump out all the water from the basement. But it is worth remembering that these pumps cost money and require manual control (turn on and off it by yourself). Therefore, it is better and cheaper to make gravity flow drainage system.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of Replacement windows basement
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.