The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Replacement basement windows 31 x 12
The properly designed basement will bring you many advantages when storing and preserving products. First, the basement frees up additional space in your home, which can be used for other purposes, and, second, the food stocks will not lose their flavor in the cold season and will not be exposed to sunlight. Therefore, we consider how to equip a basement on the dacha with his own hands. Browse some photo of Replacement basement windows 31 x 12
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
Before you start to perform the work necessary to perform geological studies to determine the groundwater level. This will help to establish the necessary depth of the basement and to solve some building issues. If the level is low you can dig a deep basement with high water are close to the surface) is constructed underground, or additionally constructed drainage ditch. After running the drawing and calculations of the future basement.
The Foundation should be doing the most robust and reliable that its walls could successfully resist the horizontal shifts due to the pressure of the surrounding soil. As a Foundation base is recommended to use a pillow of in-situ concrete, associated with ribbon cage. As the weight of the slab is large enough, the sole should be broad.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
Reinforcement, monolithic walls of the basement can be executed independently. If you add the reinforcement details in the concrete, it of simple material becomes particularly strong. Reinforcement concrete walls is performed with the help of formwork and frame. To make the reinforced net can be a day after the flooding of the basement. All wall surfaces must be mounted vertically and in corners must be especially strong ligament.
The purpose of external drainage, the redirection of groundwater. There are two possible variant of the device of drainage path: drainage wall and ring. The first is built next to the Foundation walls with old houses is unacceptable, as it threatens the destruction of their base.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Replacement basement windows 31 x 12
If you decide to build it all yourself, then be sure to get support. Even the trite advice of neighbors who have already made the cellars in their houses and know all about the level of groundwater and the terrain. When possible, the construction of the basement must be done, by hiring professionals.