The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Plastic basement window covers
Another purpose of the basement device here engineering communications of the building, such as ventilation unit, components of the heating system or power supply at home and even a small boiler – the boiler room . In the basement is provided by the practical ideal conditions for security of electricity and teploobrazovanija, maintenance or repair. Browse some photo of Plastic basement window covers
Not enough for the good basement just to dig a hole. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and is well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if there is typed in water. If the water doesn’t come, you’re in luck. Otherwise, there is a need to carry out waterproofing works. And it should be done carefully, since the error is then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Digging trenches for the Foundation or basement is keeping all features of the project. Development of pits should include the necessity of removal of soil from the site and its disposal in landfills. Construction company Etalon, if needed, ensures the removal of soil during excavation works.
The main function of waterproofing basements, as basements — protection against penetration of groundwater, rainwater and meltwater. In addition, the waterproofing prevents the penetration of moist vapors from the basement to the higher spaces, keeping them comfortable microclimate. The most convenient and effective way to protect a basement from moisture — penetrating waterproofing.
The most reliable will be a monolithic wall. They still at the stage of creating the armature plate make the vertical reinforcement bars: outer – length 1.5-1.7 m, inner 1.2-1.3 m. When the base plate attains 70% of its strength, continue to knit the reinforcing frame in accordance with the project. Reinforced inner and the outer walls serve as ribs for slab Foundation. Height of basement walls may be different, depending on the destination premises.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If the height of the basement exceeds 2 meters, and its area is quite impressive, it is better to have a facility of ventilation, called natural. It is based on the temperature difference in the basement air and outside. It is sufficient to include in the design of the building, two of the ventilation duct, which would be sufficient for the device of ventilation.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Plastic basement window covers
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.