The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Large basement windows
In the basements of homes suit different premises: garages, pantries, baths (including a pool), workshop, Laundry and storage area. The basement is used as a vegetable store, the storage of the tubers and bulbs of flowers. Many people throw in the mushrooms, trying to breed exotic birds and animals. The basement seems to be a place for such studies, which are impossible to do in the premises. Browse some photo of Large basement windows
Before the construction of basements it is necessary to conduct all the necessary calculations and make drawings of the future building. This should take into account the depth of soil freezing, as well as the negative destructive influence of groundwater. Groundwater is able to make the basement unsuitable for use. Prolonged exposure to groundwater leads to the destruction of the Foundation, and then the entire structure.
Any construction begins with design. The first thing you need to know at what depth are groundwater in different seasons, and especially the structure of the soil. It is from these indicators will largely depend on the type of Foundation and basement project as a whole. Project directly, you can create your own in the program ArchiCad or similar. There you can easily calculate how many concrete blocks in the basement by entering the dimensions of the foam block and wall thickness. Independent creation of the project will allow to realize any ideas and to calculate the nuances of individual construction.
The construction of the Foundation under high groundwater level is the most important question that arises in the construction of the underground part of the building. It requires the correct answer, which will depend not only comfortable operation, but also the durability of the construction. There are a lot of criteria to consider when self-selection of type of Foundation.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
The main enemy of the Foundation of any home is the groundwater and meltwater. Moisture destroys the rebar of reinforced concrete structure, when the load on them in thousands of tonnes may result in premature failure of the elements of which they consist. Waterproofing the outside and penetrating waterproofing basement from the inside is not a whim but an urgent need, which will ensure the safety of the entire structure.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
To organize quality and effective heated cellar or basement in a country house is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Especially if you want to make an underground room suitable for growing plants or for a longer stay of people. One only floor heating using the system of floor heating will not help. Read related articles on the subject of Large basement windows
It is worth noting that to do basements in existing buildings is not recommended because it will cause high construction costs. In addition, increase the risk of damage to the Foundation of the building, especially if the device runs basements with their hands.