The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Installing basement windows
The properly designed basement will bring you many advantages when storing and preserving products. First, the basement frees up additional space in your home, which can be used for other purposes, and, second, the food stocks will not lose their flavor in the cold season and will not be exposed to sunlight. Therefore, we consider how to equip a basement on the dacha with his own hands. Browse some photo of Installing basement windows
The construction of the basement is the first stage of construction of a private house, unless, of course, not to consider the Foundation and planning of the territory. In some situations, the construction of the Foundation is just the beginning of the construction of the basement – such is the approach chosen in the construction of low and light buildings. The whole process of construction of basements can be divided into three main stages: this is the digging (excavation device), concrete Foundation pouring and the construction of basement walls, which in turn are part of the Foundation.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
Basement waterproofing should be carried out in several stages. In the beginning it is necessary to conduct surveys of the basement. If the basement already has water then it is necessary to completely drain it, then check the condition of the subfloor (slab) for strength, check the junction floor-wall, condition of basement walls. To develop recommendations on waterproofing a basement.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
Adding rebar to a concrete solution creates a durable and reliable concrete structure. Usually, it is used to build load-bearing walls with high technical performance indicators. To build a wall of pure concrete is expensive and inefficient, and the use of reinforcement significantly reduces the process. In addition, the reinforcement used in the creation of structures which must withstand high mechanical load.
The drainage under the house consists of a system of pipes (drains), manholes and pumps. Drainage pipe are based, they collect excess moisture through holes or joints and lead her to the gathering place – wells. If breathing is difficult, the natural outflow of the applied submersible pumps, which are placed on the bottom of the wells – they forcibly take the water out of the house. A mandatory principle in the drainage device is a bias towards wells.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Installing basement windows
Only well-equipped basement will be dry, without any smell of damp, and only use it as a full additional floor. It equipped with various storage rooms and a full room – boiler room, Laundry room, bath, wine cellar, Billiards room, etc.