The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Installing basement windows in concrete block
Many people install in the basement billiard, gyms or even swimming pool, only trust business should be highly qualified specialists that are able to ensure the safety and reliability of its construction. Because errors can lead to basement flooding, subsidence or deformation of the Foundation. Browse some photo of Installing basement windows in concrete block
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
The Foundation should be doing the most robust and reliable that its walls could successfully resist the horizontal shifts due to the pressure of the surrounding soil. As a Foundation base is recommended to use a pillow of in-situ concrete, associated with ribbon cage. As the weight of the slab is large enough, the sole should be broad.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
Distinguish waterproofing of vertical and horizontal. The first is designed to protect the Foundation walls, the second, respectively from the water coming from the depths of the soil and affecting the floor of the basement. Before designing a you must carefully examine the composition of the soil, depth of frost penetration and the level of occurrence of water.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
Basement walls need quality reinforcement, as on top of them will push the weight of the structures of the house, and on the sides of the surrounding building ground. For the walls of a small private basement binding of the reinforcement can be made with your own hands, without attraction of experts. Reinforcement is also used in cases when the expected high mechanical loads on the concrete structure.
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
Waterproofing membrane under the concrete Foundation can be placed over the foam and underneath. In both solutions, insulation and waterproofing basements or cellars will have the same performance. The traditional laying of the membrane on the concrete base insulation layer will protect it during construction works from mechanical damage and provide a robust enough surface for laying the slab Foundation.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Installing basement windows in concrete block
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.