The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Installing basement window wells
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of Installing basement window wells
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
Inside the base, you should dig a pit for the construction of a basement. The soil must be removed. After the completion of the need to align the bottom of the pit, pour on top a layer of crushed stone or gravel with a thickness of 10-15 cm the soil is sure to be well compacted. Next, the floor must pour a layer of cement mortar.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
Reinforcement of basement walls is quite a complex construction process. In this case the whole building or its individual structures is given increased strength from the pressure, torsion and bending moment. In this case, increases the life of the structure and increase its performance.
The most convenient second option: the circular drainage, which is performed at a distance of 1-2 m from the Foundation walls. In this case, the pavement and the landscaping will not be disturbed. So how to make drainage in the basement without the development scheme will not work, first of all you need to do it.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Installing basement window wells
Only well-equipped basement will be dry, without any smell of damp, and only use it as a full additional floor. It equipped with various storage rooms and a full room – boiler room, Laundry room, bath, wine cellar, Billiards room, etc.