The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Ideas for basement window wells
The basement as a workshop or warehouse space is well suited for those who love tinkering something with their hands. For convenience it can be divided into 2 zones: the working and storage. And you can make a Desk in the center and around the perimeter of arrange all the necessary tools and materials. If you plan to create only the warehouse, you can make the shelves to long to find where everything is. Browse some photo of Ideas for basement window wells
The construction of the basement is the first stage of construction of a private house, unless, of course, not to consider the Foundation and planning of the territory. In some situations, the construction of the Foundation is just the beginning of the construction of the basement – such is the approach chosen in the construction of low and light buildings. The whole process of construction of basements can be divided into three main stages: this is the digging (excavation device), concrete Foundation pouring and the construction of basement walls, which in turn are part of the Foundation.
Projects of single-storey houses with a basement or without, as well as options for two and even three floors offered today by designers for private construction, are so diverse that the decision can be difficult. But the specific option is not always depends on the willingness of the customer, not even limited by a strict budget. We have to reckon with the climate area, where will be construction, the geological characteristics of the soil in the area, and topography of the site.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Dug a pit and headroom dimensions are approximately one meter and a half. At the bottom of the pit is arranged a bed of sand and crushed stone, which is cast monolithic slab of reinforced concrete. This range is actually the Foundation of the future house. When the concrete hardens, the concrete Foundation blocks to build the walls of the basement in the configuration according to the draft. Then on top of a basement block usually concrete slabs. They serve as the ceiling of the basement and first floors at the same time. The basement walls from the outside gidroizolirovat and covered with soil cavity between them and the walls of the pit.
Distinguish waterproofing of vertical and horizontal. The first is designed to protect the Foundation walls, the second, respectively from the water coming from the depths of the soil and affecting the floor of the basement. Before designing a you must carefully examine the composition of the soil, depth of frost penetration and the level of occurrence of water.
After the spacecraft made a plan and made calculations of the basement walls, you can start immediate construction. To basement walls were reliable, it is necessary to use the technology of casting monolithic strip Foundation on a sand cushion. The thickness of walls constructed in a basement may vary from 200 to 400 mm, depending on soil and number of storeys of the structure.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
How to adjust the humidity in the basement? For this purpose, the mankind has already invented ventilation. Usually this useful site provides before the start of construction of the house. Vents (produhi), which are available in the basement part of the Foundation of almost any buildings, just play the role of ventilation. If the house is not yet built, this method of ventilation will be a smart decision, because does not require additional costs and is fully functional.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
Often, to increase the temperature of the air homeowners use electric heaters, while in the basement they look bulky and not always solve the problem. A good solution will be held in the basement of the heating system, however, from a technical point of view is the massive amount of work. Read related articles on the subject of Ideas for basement window wells
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.