The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to replace old basement windows
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of How to replace old basement windows
It is advisable to build a basement or cellar in a house located on high dry soils. This decision is justified structurally and economically in a strip Foundation and ground slab, as the additional expenditure associated with the construction will be 3-5 times less than if you build a separate room with a similar usable area.
Preparation of preliminary designs of the basement includes the following information: basic drawings, taking into account the layout of the site of construction, number of storeys and basic dimensions of the future construction, the existence of additional add-ins, presence of a basement and the inspection pits and their characteristics. Is determined by the configuration of the entrance gate, the presence of additional inputs. Given the calculation of insolation considers the number, size and location of window openings. Also, the thumbnails in the design of the garage should be taken into account the individual layout of internal areas, taking into account the wishes and needs of the customer.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Dug a pit and headroom dimensions are approximately one meter and a half. At the bottom of the pit is arranged a bed of sand and crushed stone, which is cast monolithic slab of reinforced concrete. This range is actually the Foundation of the future house. When the concrete hardens, the concrete Foundation blocks to build the walls of the basement in the configuration according to the draft. Then on top of a basement block usually concrete slabs. They serve as the ceiling of the basement and first floors at the same time. The basement walls from the outside gidroizolirovat and covered with soil cavity between them and the walls of the pit.
Waterproofing of underground (ground) floor of a private house, i.e. the basement (cellar, basement, underground) must be done at the construction stage. But, if the problem is already in the process of operation, it will have to perform internal waterproofing of walls, floor and even ceiling of the basement, i.e., from inside the premises.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
Adding rebar to a concrete solution creates a durable and reliable concrete structure. Usually, it is used to build load-bearing walls with high technical performance indicators. To build a wall of pure concrete is expensive and inefficient, and the use of reinforcement significantly reduces the process. In addition, the reinforcement used in the creation of structures which must withstand high mechanical load.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
Insulation of basement walls on the outside is best done at the stage of building a house — when the Foundation is laid, made waterproofing, but has not yet filled his sinuses. If a private home operated, the amount of work increases significantly. First, it is necessary to dig a basement is to dig a perimeter trench of a house off the Foundation to the very bottom.
An important factor to determine the heating of the basement, you choose, will be the purpose of the room. If you plan to equip in the basement of the dwelling, will need full heating, so the heat was even in the terrible cold. Here are the relevant options of steam heating, gas boiler, if this involves designing. Read related articles on the subject of How to replace old basement windows
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.