The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to replace basement windows in concrete block
Many people install in the basement billiard, gyms or even swimming pool, only trust business should be highly qualified specialists that are able to ensure the safety and reliability of its construction. Because errors can lead to basement flooding, subsidence or deformation of the Foundation. Browse some photo of How to replace basement windows in concrete block
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
After the spacecraft made a plan and made calculations of the basement walls, you can start immediate construction. To basement walls were reliable, it is necessary to use the technology of casting monolithic strip Foundation on a sand cushion. The thickness of walls constructed in a basement may vary from 200 to 400 mm, depending on soil and number of storeys of the structure.
There are different patterns of reinforcement of the basement. For walls made monolithic method, most often used box diagram. The Assembly of the valves is performed by the device of two power series and connecting them with horizontal, thin reinforcing elements. For a basement wall reinforcement mesh is chosen sufficiently elastic, and the binding of elements it is better to use wire without welding.
The most convenient second option: the circular drainage, which is performed at a distance of 1-2 m from the Foundation walls. In this case, the pavement and the landscaping will not be disturbed. So how to make drainage in the basement without the development scheme will not work, first of all you need to do it.
Microclimate in any basement best supports the air handling system. It consists of two ducts, one for air intake and the other for exhaust. The lower end of the supply pipe is attached 50 cm from the floor of the basement, and the top needs to protrude beyond the level of the soil at 1 meter. The lower end of the exhaust pipe is located at 150 cm from the floor of the basement, beyond the top ridge of the roof 50 cm.
Basement insulation inside – it is a necessary measure, when exterior insulation is not possible or not profitable cost. Conduct internal basement insulation is possible only on a dry Foundation walls. However, there is a risk of increasing the rate of destruction of the Foundation due to its freezing. The area of freezing inside of the base will increase a lot, which in combination with high humidity, very quickly removes Foundation failure.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of How to replace basement windows in concrete block
It is worth noting that to do basements in existing buildings is not recommended because it will cause high construction costs. In addition, increase the risk of damage to the Foundation of the building, especially if the device runs basements with their hands.