The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to measure basement windows
It is considered that the construction of basement costing too much. But upon closer inspection, it turns out that all numbers in this case, the arguments are insufficiently thorough. Utility rooms are needed in any home. They will be made in the form of a basement or spread out in width, as this allows the site — it should be decided in each case individually. House with a basement always has more value. Browse some photo of How to measure basement windows
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
Projects single-storey houses with a basement can be called the most common. The basement here is typically used to accommodate boilers, communication systems, etc. During the construction of the basement, special attention should be paid to the location of groundwater and the level of freezing of the soil, as these indicators influence the depth of the base under the house and the depth of the basement. If you do not consider these parameters when raising the groundwater in the basement moisture appears, which is going to be quite difficult.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
All construction works should start with marking the site and the completion of the excavation for the Foundation. If the markup is verified, you can start digging trenches for the Foundation. Around the perimeter of the house trenches have the same depth and width. When the desired height of the basement in the 1.7-1.9 m depth of the trench should be about 1.7 m. the Excavated earth should be ignored on the outside, then it will be used in backfilling. When digging trenches, you must carefully monitor the quality of walls: they should be smooth and have no ledges that could lead to the collapse of the soil.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
Since the main enemy of a basement is groundwater, the wall material should be strong and the most waterproof. Sometimes you can find recommendations to build the basement walls of the Foundation blocks. Although this solution is cheaper than the monolithic walls, but it is only suitable for sites with low groundwater level. Special attention in this case should be given to waterproofing the walls.
There are different patterns of reinforcement of the basement. For walls made monolithic method, most often used box diagram. The Assembly of the valves is performed by the device of two power series and connecting them with horizontal, thin reinforcing elements. For a basement wall reinforcement mesh is chosen sufficiently elastic, and the binding of elements it is better to use wire without welding.
If you wish to make a more efficient and fast drainage system, it is possible to provide for the installation of the special pump. The drainage unit is able to pump out all the water from the basement. But it is worth remembering that these pumps cost money and require manual control (turn on and off it by yourself). Therefore, it is better and cheaper to make gravity flow drainage system.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
After work on basement insulation can begin to address the heating issue. Of course, ideally, a source of heating the entire home must be located in the basement. But to install such a heating system requires a specialized ventilation system and ceilings having a height of 3 meters. When the location of the boiler in the basement of the forced and natural circulation of the coolant. Read related articles on the subject of How to measure basement windows
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.