The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to make basement windows bigger
It is considered that the construction of basement costing too much. But upon closer inspection, it turns out that all numbers in this case, the arguments are insufficiently thorough. Utility rooms are needed in any home. They will be made in the form of a basement or spread out in width, as this allows the site — it should be decided in each case individually. House with a basement always has more value. Browse some photo of How to make basement windows bigger
Basements and high underground is built on dry soil. Often in rural homes, the floors arranged on the joists, which are placed on the brick pillars, and they rest directly on the ground. In this case, under the floor boards formed the underground, the height of which is typically 150-250 mm. If the height of the underground is over, it will increase heat loss if it is less, it will deteriorate underground ventilation.
Projects single-storey houses with a basement can be called the most common. The basement here is typically used to accommodate boilers, communication systems, etc. During the construction of the basement, special attention should be paid to the location of groundwater and the level of freezing of the soil, as these indicators influence the depth of the base under the house and the depth of the basement. If you do not consider these parameters when raising the groundwater in the basement moisture appears, which is going to be quite difficult.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
The device basement waterproofing involves protection of buildings outside and inside. However, it is not always possible to perform the waterproofing work on time and in full. And, as experience shows, to do them later is much more expensive and complicated. Depending on the plot, select vertical and horizontal waterproofing.
Blocks of basement walls are built faster. The only thing I have to Tinker with is the alignment of each block, vertical and level walls. So, naturally, the first stacked corner blocks. Fasten the blocks with the adhesive. If the basement is provided for supporting columns, it is better to pour concrete on technology pier Foundation.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
Waterproofing membrane under the concrete Foundation can be placed over the foam and underneath. In both solutions, insulation and waterproofing basements or cellars will have the same performance. The traditional laying of the membrane on the concrete base insulation layer will protect it during construction works from mechanical damage and provide a robust enough surface for laying the slab Foundation.
An important factor to determine the heating of the basement, you choose, will be the purpose of the room. If you plan to equip in the basement of the dwelling, will need full heating, so the heat was even in the terrible cold. Here are the relevant options of steam heating, gas boiler, if this involves designing. Read related articles on the subject of How to make basement windows bigger
The construction of the basement is an important and responsible process, which must be approached with knowledge of the matter. If you doubt your abilities, then discuss all the nuances of the device’s basement with specialists. We must not forget that a slight miscalculation in the construction and use of wrong materials can result in further costly repairs.