The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to insulate basement windows
It is considered that the construction of basement costing too much. But upon closer inspection, it turns out that all numbers in this case, the arguments are insufficiently thorough. Utility rooms are needed in any home. They will be made in the form of a basement or spread out in width, as this allows the site — it should be decided in each case individually. House with a basement always has more value. Browse some photo of How to insulate basement windows
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
All construction works should start with marking the site and the completion of the excavation for the Foundation. If the markup is verified, you can start digging trenches for the Foundation. Around the perimeter of the house trenches have the same depth and width. When the desired height of the basement in the 1.7-1.9 m depth of the trench should be about 1.7 m. the Excavated earth should be ignored on the outside, then it will be used in backfilling. When digging trenches, you must carefully monitor the quality of walls: they should be smooth and have no ledges that could lead to the collapse of the soil.
The device basement waterproofing involves protection of buildings outside and inside. However, it is not always possible to perform the waterproofing work on time and in full. And, as experience shows, to do them later is much more expensive and complicated. Depending on the plot, select vertical and horizontal waterproofing.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
Basement walls need quality reinforcement, as on top of them will push the weight of the structures of the house, and on the sides of the surrounding building ground. For the walls of a small private basement binding of the reinforcement can be made with your own hands, without attraction of experts. Reinforcement is also used in cases when the expected high mechanical loads on the concrete structure.
If you wish to make a more efficient and fast drainage system, it is possible to provide for the installation of the special pump. The drainage unit is able to pump out all the water from the basement. But it is worth remembering that these pumps cost money and require manual control (turn on and off it by yourself). Therefore, it is better and cheaper to make gravity flow drainage system.
If the basement has a small volume, it is possible to use a slightly simplified scheme. The main difference between supply and exhaust air duct is that it delivers and removes air with a single design, which has both exhaust and supply channel. However, in this case will be confined to only a small volume of air.
Basement insulation inside – it is a necessary measure, when exterior insulation is not possible or not profitable cost. Conduct internal basement insulation is possible only on a dry Foundation walls. However, there is a risk of increasing the rate of destruction of the Foundation due to its freezing. The area of freezing inside of the base will increase a lot, which in combination with high humidity, very quickly removes Foundation failure.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of How to insulate basement windows
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.