The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to install replacement vinyl basement windows
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of How to install replacement vinyl basement windows
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
Depending on the capabilities of the host building and the technical capabilities of the structure, the basement can be expanded, both in depth and in width. In any case, the basement is a special value. To begin construction, you must develop basement project. When selecting a location for building future home, if possible, keep in mind that if You decide to expand into the basement, it’s easy to face a problem of groundwater. In the case where the selected location for construction of a residential house or an industrial building, has a rocky terrain and the groundwater level increases (permanent or seasonal), the cost of equipment the basement is greatly increased.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
All construction works should start with marking the site and the completion of the excavation for the Foundation. If the markup is verified, you can start digging trenches for the Foundation. Around the perimeter of the house trenches have the same depth and width. When the desired height of the basement in the 1.7-1.9 m depth of the trench should be about 1.7 m. the Excavated earth should be ignored on the outside, then it will be used in backfilling. When digging trenches, you must carefully monitor the quality of walls: they should be smooth and have no ledges that could lead to the collapse of the soil.
Protection of the basement from the water – one of the main tasks in its construction. It includes a range of measures to ensure the water tightness of basement walls and floor as well as the prevention of rise of water inside the structure through the capillaries. Most reliable waterproofing can be done only at the stage of construction.
Since the main enemy of a basement is groundwater, the wall material should be strong and the most waterproof. Sometimes you can find recommendations to build the basement walls of the Foundation blocks. Although this solution is cheaper than the monolithic walls, but it is only suitable for sites with low groundwater level. Special attention in this case should be given to waterproofing the walls.
Reinforcement, monolithic walls of the basement can be executed independently. If you add the reinforcement details in the concrete, it of simple material becomes particularly strong. Reinforcement concrete walls is performed with the help of formwork and frame. To make the reinforced net can be a day after the flooding of the basement. All wall surfaces must be mounted vertically and in corners must be especially strong ligament.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of How to install replacement vinyl basement windows
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.