The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to install basement windows in cinder block foundation
The basement as technical facilities allows to host the area necessary engineering structures to house, for example, the heating system (boiler), water heaters, filters and more. This will allow you to free up space in the rooms (for example, to get rid of the boiler in the kitchen). Browse some photo of How to install basement windows in cinder block foundation
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Projects single-storey houses with a basement can be called the most common. The basement here is typically used to accommodate boilers, communication systems, etc. During the construction of the basement, special attention should be paid to the location of groundwater and the level of freezing of the soil, as these indicators influence the depth of the base under the house and the depth of the basement. If you do not consider these parameters when raising the groundwater in the basement moisture appears, which is going to be quite difficult.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
Adding rebar to a concrete solution creates a durable and reliable concrete structure. Usually, it is used to build load-bearing walls with high technical performance indicators. To build a wall of pure concrete is expensive and inefficient, and the use of reinforcement significantly reduces the process. In addition, the reinforcement used in the creation of structures which must withstand high mechanical load.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
The outer layer of insulation not only performs a heat insulating function, but also protects the waterproofing from mechanical and thermal damage. With insulation from the inside penetrating through the water vapor will turn into moisture at the junction with the wall, which can lead to the accumulation of moisture, smudges on finishing coatings and unpleasant smell in the room. And disadvantages of internal insulation not be immediately apparent, but over time.
An important factor to determine the heating of the basement, you choose, will be the purpose of the room. If you plan to equip in the basement of the dwelling, will need full heating, so the heat was even in the terrible cold. Here are the relevant options of steam heating, gas boiler, if this involves designing. Read related articles on the subject of How to install basement windows in cinder block foundation
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.