The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to install basement replacement windows
The basement as a workshop or warehouse space is well suited for those who love tinkering something with their hands. For convenience it can be divided into 2 zones: the working and storage. And you can make a Desk in the center and around the perimeter of arrange all the necessary tools and materials. If you plan to create only the warehouse, you can make the shelves to long to find where everything is. Browse some photo of How to install basement replacement windows
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Projects of single-storey houses with a basement or without, as well as options for two and even three floors offered today by designers for private construction, are so diverse that the decision can be difficult. But the specific option is not always depends on the willingness of the customer, not even limited by a strict budget. We have to reckon with the climate area, where will be construction, the geological characteristics of the soil in the area, and topography of the site.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
The main function of waterproofing basements, as basements — protection against penetration of groundwater, rainwater and meltwater. In addition, the waterproofing prevents the penetration of moist vapors from the basement to the higher spaces, keeping them comfortable microclimate. The most convenient and effective way to protect a basement from moisture — penetrating waterproofing.
Based on the building regulations the walls of the basement suit of reinforced concrete class B12,5 about compressive strength, precast concrete blocks or masonry (brick) masonry. Precast concrete blocks should also be made of the concrete class B12,5 and meet the requirements of the Standards. Structurally, the basement walls is usually combined with strip Foundation, and ceiling – reinforced concrete ground slab.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
An important factor to determine the heating of the basement, you choose, will be the purpose of the room. If you plan to equip in the basement of the dwelling, will need full heating, so the heat was even in the terrible cold. Here are the relevant options of steam heating, gas boiler, if this involves designing. Read related articles on the subject of How to install basement replacement windows
The construction of the basement is an important and responsible process, which must be approached with knowledge of the matter. If you doubt your abilities, then discuss all the nuances of the device’s basement with specialists. We must not forget that a slight miscalculation in the construction and use of wrong materials can result in further costly repairs.