The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to finish basement windows
The properly designed basement will bring you many advantages when storing and preserving products. First, the basement frees up additional space in your home, which can be used for other purposes, and, second, the food stocks will not lose their flavor in the cold season and will not be exposed to sunlight. Therefore, we consider how to equip a basement on the dacha with his own hands. Browse some photo of How to finish basement windows
Before the construction of basements it is necessary to conduct all the necessary calculations and make drawings of the future building. This should take into account the depth of soil freezing, as well as the negative destructive influence of groundwater. Groundwater is able to make the basement unsuitable for use. Prolonged exposure to groundwater leads to the destruction of the Foundation, and then the entire structure.
The design of the basement includes architectural solutions, which consist of detailed planning of construction, provide for the use of any kind of materials (brick, ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, etc.). Discusses the various options of the roof (open in the form of a canopy, closed), is performed if necessary, truss system, attention is paid to sound insulation, interior and exterior decoration, calculated the estimated amount of the costs. It is also possible the design of underground garages and Parking lots.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
Distinguish waterproofing of vertical and horizontal. The first is designed to protect the Foundation walls, the second, respectively from the water coming from the depths of the soil and affecting the floor of the basement. Before designing a you must carefully examine the composition of the soil, depth of frost penetration and the level of occurrence of water.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
When the need arises to reinforce the basement walls do not need to immediately call a team of builders, so as to cope with this task on their own. You just need to understand details of reinforcement technology, which involves adding a metal reinforcement in the design to increase its strength, durability and improve performance.
The most convenient second option: the circular drainage, which is performed at a distance of 1-2 m from the Foundation walls. In this case, the pavement and the landscaping will not be disturbed. So how to make drainage in the basement without the development scheme will not work, first of all you need to do it.
The working principle of natural ventilation is based on the difference in temperature inside and outside of the basement, resulting in starts the movement of air. Thanks to this simple natural phenomenon, the air from the cellar in the sky, on the street, and the street comes fresh. Unfortunately, the thrust is sufficient natural ventilation is strongly influenced by the wind that would both enhance, and weaken the appetite.
The outer layer of insulation not only performs a heat insulating function, but also protects the waterproofing from mechanical and thermal damage. With insulation from the inside penetrating through the water vapor will turn into moisture at the junction with the wall, which can lead to the accumulation of moisture, smudges on finishing coatings and unpleasant smell in the room. And disadvantages of internal insulation not be immediately apparent, but over time.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of How to finish basement windows
Only well-equipped basement will be dry, without any smell of damp, and only use it as a full additional floor. It equipped with various storage rooms and a full room – boiler room, Laundry room, bath, wine cellar, Billiards room, etc.