The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to enlarge basement windows
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of How to enlarge basement windows
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
Preparation of preliminary designs of the basement includes the following information: basic drawings, taking into account the layout of the site of construction, number of storeys and basic dimensions of the future construction, the existence of additional add-ins, presence of a basement and the inspection pits and their characteristics. Is determined by the configuration of the entrance gate, the presence of additional inputs. Given the calculation of insolation considers the number, size and location of window openings. Also, the thumbnails in the design of the garage should be taken into account the individual layout of internal areas, taking into account the wishes and needs of the customer.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
Based on the building regulations the walls of the basement suit of reinforced concrete class B12,5 about compressive strength, precast concrete blocks or masonry (brick) masonry. Precast concrete blocks should also be made of the concrete class B12,5 and meet the requirements of the Standards. Structurally, the basement walls is usually combined with strip Foundation, and ceiling – reinforced concrete ground slab.
Reinforcement of basement walls is quite a complex construction process. In this case the whole building or its individual structures is given increased strength from the pressure, torsion and bending moment. In this case, increases the life of the structure and increase its performance.
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
If you plan on the first floor the arrangement of heated floors, then be sure to provide sufficient thickness of insulation of the floors to minimize heat losses. The mounting and location of the heating pipes in some extent depends on the placement of the waterproofing layer. If the membrane is under a layer of insulation, the pipes can be fastened to the insulating plate with a flexible heating pipes, fasteners which do not damage high-strength insulation.
After work on basement insulation can begin to address the heating issue. Of course, ideally, a source of heating the entire home must be located in the basement. But to install such a heating system requires a specialized ventilation system and ceilings having a height of 3 meters. When the location of the boiler in the basement of the forced and natural circulation of the coolant. Read related articles on the subject of How to enlarge basement windows
To the operating room, you are ready after drying and prophylactic disinfection. In this case, suitable fire to the dry alcohol in the form of tablets (10 pieces). Here many things will affect the depth of the cellar and the proximity of groundwater, and it will have to define you. The cellar device troublesome and the price will depend on materials used and location. In a private house get it much cheaper.