The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How to cover basement windows
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of How to cover basement windows
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Projects single-storey houses with a basement can be called the most common. The basement here is typically used to accommodate boilers, communication systems, etc. During the construction of the basement, special attention should be paid to the location of groundwater and the level of freezing of the soil, as these indicators influence the depth of the base under the house and the depth of the basement. If you do not consider these parameters when raising the groundwater in the basement moisture appears, which is going to be quite difficult.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
The main function of waterproofing basements, as basements — protection against penetration of groundwater, rainwater and meltwater. In addition, the waterproofing prevents the penetration of moist vapors from the basement to the higher spaces, keeping them comfortable microclimate. The most convenient and effective way to protect a basement from moisture — penetrating waterproofing.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
When laying out any kind of material you need to perform at least the simplest reinforcement of basement walls. It is accomplished by enabling horizontal linking elements. It is important for corners in which you can use items with a cross detail. In this way, the corners of such masonry will never disperse. Also in the reinforcement of basement walls is often used mesh. It helps to reduce the destruction of surface layers from the effects of temperature gradients and different vibrations. For reinforcement of the brick walls also need special fittings.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
To implement natural ventilation will require developing devices, supply and exhaust ducts. The hole of the exhaust duct will need to be placed under the ceiling, and the inlet – near the opposite wall, about half a meter from the floor. With this placement can provide optimal circulation of air masses.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of How to cover basement windows
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.