The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about How much do basement windows cost
The basement as technical facilities allows to host the area necessary engineering structures to house, for example, the heating system (boiler), water heaters, filters and more. This will allow you to free up space in the rooms (for example, to get rid of the boiler in the kitchen). Browse some photo of How much do basement windows cost
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
All construction works should start with marking the site and the completion of the excavation for the Foundation. If the markup is verified, you can start digging trenches for the Foundation. Around the perimeter of the house trenches have the same depth and width. When the desired height of the basement in the 1.7-1.9 m depth of the trench should be about 1.7 m. the Excavated earth should be ignored on the outside, then it will be used in backfilling. When digging trenches, you must carefully monitor the quality of walls: they should be smooth and have no ledges that could lead to the collapse of the soil.
Usually basements gidroizolyatsiya already in the construction phase of the building. Wherein the protective material is laid under the floor, and they handled the walls of the underground space on the outside. However, nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later the waterproofing layer loses its quality. In the basement there is dampness. Of course, you can dig it up from the outside and glue the walls with another layer of waterproofing. However, the procedure is pretty slip. Besides the floors so the outside will not saibaiwei. In this case, is usually used some other way of protection from dampness, waterproofing basements from the inside.
The construction of the walls of the blocks is perhaps the most convenient system for construction of basement walls. But there is a lot of work. Because each unit will have level walls, as well as the vertical and horizontal axes. Therefore, as in brickwork, to lay the blocks, starting with the corners. To reliably bond the blocks together typically use special adhesive solution.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of How much do basement windows cost
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.