The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Finishing basement windows
Many people install in the basement billiard, gyms or even swimming pool, only trust business should be highly qualified specialists that are able to ensure the safety and reliability of its construction. Because errors can lead to basement flooding, subsidence or deformation of the Foundation. Browse some photo of Finishing basement windows
Basements and high underground is built on dry soil. Often in rural homes, the floors arranged on the joists, which are placed on the brick pillars, and they rest directly on the ground. In this case, under the floor boards formed the underground, the height of which is typically 150-250 mm. If the height of the underground is over, it will increase heat loss if it is less, it will deteriorate underground ventilation.
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
The construction of the Foundation under high groundwater level is the most important question that arises in the construction of the underground part of the building. It requires the correct answer, which will depend not only comfortable operation, but also the durability of the construction. There are a lot of criteria to consider when self-selection of type of Foundation.
Because excavation for construction of the Foundation is a very time consuming job, mostly used excavator. Before excavation it is desirable to remove the useful layer of soil. Ditch digging 30 cm more than the approved size of the Foundation. Part of the ground will be useful for back filling, so no need to take out all the soil excavated from the pit from the site. The bottom of the pit and rams.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
Based on the building regulations the walls of the basement suit of reinforced concrete class B12,5 about compressive strength, precast concrete blocks or masonry (brick) masonry. Precast concrete blocks should also be made of the concrete class B12,5 and meet the requirements of the Standards. Structurally, the basement walls is usually combined with strip Foundation, and ceiling – reinforced concrete ground slab.
Reinforcement of basement walls is quite a complex construction process. In this case the whole building or its individual structures is given increased strength from the pressure, torsion and bending moment. In this case, increases the life of the structure and increase its performance.
The purpose of external drainage, the redirection of groundwater. There are two possible variant of the device of drainage path: drainage wall and ring. The first is built next to the Foundation walls with old houses is unacceptable, as it threatens the destruction of their base.
If the basement has a small volume, it is possible to use a slightly simplified scheme. The main difference between supply and exhaust air duct is that it delivers and removes air with a single design, which has both exhaust and supply channel. However, in this case will be confined to only a small volume of air.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Finishing basement windows
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.