The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Faux basement windows
The basement as a workshop or warehouse space is well suited for those who love tinkering something with their hands. For convenience it can be divided into 2 zones: the working and storage. And you can make a Desk in the center and around the perimeter of arrange all the necessary tools and materials. If you plan to create only the warehouse, you can make the shelves to long to find where everything is. Browse some photo of Faux basement windows
It is advisable to build a basement or cellar in a house located on high dry soils. This decision is justified structurally and economically in a strip Foundation and ground slab, as the additional expenditure associated with the construction will be 3-5 times less than if you build a separate room with a similar usable area.
Preparation of preliminary designs of the basement includes the following information: basic drawings, taking into account the layout of the site of construction, number of storeys and basic dimensions of the future construction, the existence of additional add-ins, presence of a basement and the inspection pits and their characteristics. Is determined by the configuration of the entrance gate, the presence of additional inputs. Given the calculation of insolation considers the number, size and location of window openings. Also, the thumbnails in the design of the garage should be taken into account the individual layout of internal areas, taking into account the wishes and needs of the customer.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
The most reliable will be a monolithic wall. They still at the stage of creating the armature plate make the vertical reinforcement bars: outer – length 1.5-1.7 m, inner 1.2-1.3 m. When the base plate attains 70% of its strength, continue to knit the reinforcing frame in accordance with the project. Reinforced inner and the outer walls serve as ribs for slab Foundation. Height of basement walls may be different, depending on the destination premises.
Reinforcement of walls enables the whole building or its individual structures to withstand various loads: pressure, torsion and bending. Also, this procedure increases the service life of products and enhances their performance. Rebar is made from special grades of steel. It must have high wear resistance and resistance to various deformations. Feature of any valve is that it cannot be welded, can only be linked.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
Before you start heating the communication to the ground floor, it is recommended to assess its condition and determine whether the need and feasibility of heating. If you meet all the construction technology of the ground floor, good insulation and waterproofing, it remains only to choose the right equipment for the heating of the ground floor, its installation and laying of wiring. Read related articles on the subject of Faux basement windows
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.