The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Everlast basement windows
The properly designed basement will bring you many advantages when storing and preserving products. First, the basement frees up additional space in your home, which can be used for other purposes, and, second, the food stocks will not lose their flavor in the cold season and will not be exposed to sunlight. Therefore, we consider how to equip a basement on the dacha with his own hands. Browse some photo of Everlast basement windows
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
Any construction begins with design. The first thing you need to know at what depth are groundwater in different seasons, and especially the structure of the soil. It is from these indicators will largely depend on the type of Foundation and basement project as a whole. Project directly, you can create your own in the program ArchiCad or similar. There you can easily calculate how many concrete blocks in the basement by entering the dimensions of the foam block and wall thickness. Independent creation of the project will allow to realize any ideas and to calculate the nuances of individual construction.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
When the need arises to reinforce the basement walls do not need to immediately call a team of builders, so as to cope with this task on their own. You just need to understand details of reinforcement technology, which involves adding a metal reinforcement in the design to increase its strength, durability and improve performance.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
Often, to increase the temperature of the air homeowners use electric heaters, while in the basement they look bulky and not always solve the problem. A good solution will be held in the basement of the heating system, however, from a technical point of view is the massive amount of work. Read related articles on the subject of Everlast basement windows
Basement – this room is arranged a little below the surface of the earth. Depending on the type of design and materials used cellars can be used for storage of materials, tools, as a workshop, in some cases as additional living space. The construction of the basement complex and time-consuming process, requiring specific knowledge and skills. Getting to the construction of the basement suggest to familiarize with the main types of work.