The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Decorating basement window wells
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Decorating basement window wells
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
Projects of single-storey houses with a basement or without, as well as options for two and even three floors offered today by designers for private construction, are so diverse that the decision can be difficult. But the specific option is not always depends on the willingness of the customer, not even limited by a strict budget. We have to reckon with the climate area, where will be construction, the geological characteristics of the soil in the area, and topography of the site.
To begin construction on the site with a high groundwater level, it is necessary to correctly design the Foundation. When the Foundation design must consider not only the groundwater level, and depth of soil freezing. And also what type of Foundation is suitable for soil with high groundwater level: strip Foundation, slab Foundation, pier Foundation.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
The device basement waterproofing involves protection of buildings outside and inside. However, it is not always possible to perform the waterproofing work on time and in full. And, as experience shows, to do them later is much more expensive and complicated. Depending on the plot, select vertical and horizontal waterproofing.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Decorating basement window wells
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.