The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Covering basement windows
Many people install in the basement billiard, gyms or even swimming pool, only trust business should be highly qualified specialists that are able to ensure the safety and reliability of its construction. Because errors can lead to basement flooding, subsidence or deformation of the Foundation. Browse some photo of Covering basement windows
Not enough for the good basement just to dig a hole. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and is well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if there is typed in water. If the water doesn’t come, you’re in luck. Otherwise, there is a need to carry out waterproofing works. And it should be done carefully, since the error is then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
Before you start to perform the work necessary to perform geological studies to determine the groundwater level. This will help to establish the necessary depth of the basement and to solve some building issues. If the level is low you can dig a deep basement with high water are close to the surface) is constructed underground, or additionally constructed drainage ditch. After running the drawing and calculations of the future basement.
To begin construction on the site with a high groundwater level, it is necessary to correctly design the Foundation. When the Foundation design must consider not only the groundwater level, and depth of soil freezing. And also what type of Foundation is suitable for soil with high groundwater level: strip Foundation, slab Foundation, pier Foundation.
Digging trenches for the Foundation or basement is keeping all features of the project. Development of pits should include the necessity of removal of soil from the site and its disposal in landfills. Construction company Etalon, if needed, ensures the removal of soil during excavation works.
The main function of waterproofing basements, as basements — protection against penetration of groundwater, rainwater and meltwater. In addition, the waterproofing prevents the penetration of moist vapors from the basement to the higher spaces, keeping them comfortable microclimate. The most convenient and effective way to protect a basement from moisture — penetrating waterproofing.
Since the main enemy of a basement is groundwater, the wall material should be strong and the most waterproof. Sometimes you can find recommendations to build the basement walls of the Foundation blocks. Although this solution is cheaper than the monolithic walls, but it is only suitable for sites with low groundwater level. Special attention in this case should be given to waterproofing the walls.
There are different patterns of reinforcement of the basement. For walls made monolithic method, most often used box diagram. The Assembly of the valves is performed by the device of two power series and connecting them with horizontal, thin reinforcing elements. For a basement wall reinforcement mesh is chosen sufficiently elastic, and the binding of elements it is better to use wire without welding.
If you wish to make a more efficient and fast drainage system, it is possible to provide for the installation of the special pump. The drainage unit is able to pump out all the water from the basement. But it is worth remembering that these pumps cost money and require manual control (turn on and off it by yourself). Therefore, it is better and cheaper to make gravity flow drainage system.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
If you plan on the first floor the arrangement of heated floors, then be sure to provide sufficient thickness of insulation of the floors to minimize heat losses. The mounting and location of the heating pipes in some extent depends on the placement of the waterproofing layer. If the membrane is under a layer of insulation, the pipes can be fastened to the insulating plate with a flexible heating pipes, fasteners which do not damage high-strength insulation.
After work on basement insulation can begin to address the heating issue. Of course, ideally, a source of heating the entire home must be located in the basement. But to install such a heating system requires a specialized ventilation system and ceilings having a height of 3 meters. When the location of the boiler in the basement of the forced and natural circulation of the coolant. Read related articles on the subject of Covering basement windows
If the basement is built with his own hands, cash costs will go only to the materials and the necessary tools. Everything will depend on the size of the room and of course the professionalism of the performers. If to involve professionals from construction machinery, the costs will rise considerably.