The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Cost to replace basement windows
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Cost to replace basement windows
The height of the basement: technical premises take from 1.9 to 2.2 m. If you are going to do from the basement of a dwelling, the height may be equal to the height of the floor or just below (2,5-2,7 m). At the close inception of the groundwater to the ground surface basement need to build from solid reinforced concrete (floor, walls). It is better to take concrete below grade M500 (or make concrete using cement grade M500).
Before you start to perform the work necessary to perform geological studies to determine the groundwater level. This will help to establish the necessary depth of the basement and to solve some building issues. If the level is low you can dig a deep basement with high water are close to the surface) is constructed underground, or additionally constructed drainage ditch. After running the drawing and calculations of the future basement.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
Basement waterproofing should be carried out in several stages. In the beginning it is necessary to conduct surveys of the basement. If the basement already has water then it is necessary to completely drain it, then check the condition of the subfloor (slab) for strength, check the junction floor-wall, condition of basement walls. To develop recommendations on waterproofing a basement.
Blocks of basement walls are built faster. The only thing I have to Tinker with is the alignment of each block, vertical and level walls. So, naturally, the first stacked corner blocks. Fasten the blocks with the adhesive. If the basement is provided for supporting columns, it is better to pour concrete on technology pier Foundation.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
The purpose of external drainage, the redirection of groundwater. There are two possible variant of the device of drainage path: drainage wall and ring. The first is built next to the Foundation walls with old houses is unacceptable, as it threatens the destruction of their base.
Microclimate in any basement best supports the air handling system. It consists of two ducts, one for air intake and the other for exhaust. The lower end of the supply pipe is attached 50 cm from the floor of the basement, and the top needs to protrude beyond the level of the soil at 1 meter. The lower end of the exhaust pipe is located at 150 cm from the floor of the basement, beyond the top ridge of the roof 50 cm.
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
Most often used are fairly simple, and at the same time very effective two-pipe heating system with natural circulation of coolant. It allows you to efficiently heat the home without using additional equipment – electric circulation pumps. The reason for the popularity of this system of heating of private houses due to the fact that there are cases of power failures – and in this case (without electricity) system to work simply can not. Read related articles on the subject of Cost to replace basement windows
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.