The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Cheap basement windows
The basement as a workshop or warehouse space is well suited for those who love tinkering something with their hands. For convenience it can be divided into 2 zones: the working and storage. And you can make a Desk in the center and around the perimeter of arrange all the necessary tools and materials. If you plan to create only the warehouse, you can make the shelves to long to find where everything is. Browse some photo of Cheap basement windows
The construction of the basement is the first stage of construction of a private house, unless, of course, not to consider the Foundation and planning of the territory. In some situations, the construction of the Foundation is just the beginning of the construction of the basement – such is the approach chosen in the construction of low and light buildings. The whole process of construction of basements can be divided into three main stages: this is the digging (excavation device), concrete Foundation pouring and the construction of basement walls, which in turn are part of the Foundation.
Any construction begins with design. The first thing you need to know at what depth are groundwater in different seasons, and especially the structure of the soil. It is from these indicators will largely depend on the type of Foundation and basement project as a whole. Project directly, you can create your own in the program ArchiCad or similar. There you can easily calculate how many concrete blocks in the basement by entering the dimensions of the foam block and wall thickness. Independent creation of the project will allow to realize any ideas and to calculate the nuances of individual construction.
To build a basement under the garage for a start you need to develop the project. Ideally, plan to work on creating the basement you need before you begin the construction and equipping of the garage. This will allow you to choose the most suitable way of laying the Foundation, consider high-quality ventilation top and bottom areas and also deliver reliable waterproofing.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
The outer layer of insulation not only performs a heat insulating function, but also protects the waterproofing from mechanical and thermal damage. With insulation from the inside penetrating through the water vapor will turn into moisture at the junction with the wall, which can lead to the accumulation of moisture, smudges on finishing coatings and unpleasant smell in the room. And disadvantages of internal insulation not be immediately apparent, but over time.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Cheap basement windows
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.