The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Changing basement windows
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Changing basement windows
If a basement is planned location of the residential rooms, the height of basement walls must be at least 2.5 – 2.7 m. If the groundwater are very close to the surface, the floor and walls is better to build from such a strong material like concrete. As for the type of concrete, it should be M500, you can also make concrete on your own, using cement of the same brand (M500).
Preparation of preliminary designs of the basement includes the following information: basic drawings, taking into account the layout of the site of construction, number of storeys and basic dimensions of the future construction, the existence of additional add-ins, presence of a basement and the inspection pits and their characteristics. Is determined by the configuration of the entrance gate, the presence of additional inputs. Given the calculation of insolation considers the number, size and location of window openings. Also, the thumbnails in the design of the garage should be taken into account the individual layout of internal areas, taking into account the wishes and needs of the customer.
The construction of country houses one of the requirements of the customer often becomes the device of the basement under a monolithic Foundation. To accomplish the objectives requires additional measures for excavation, to deepen the space for a future basement. In addition, be sure to make the waterproofing of the walls of the room, the moisture is not trapped inside.
Dug a pit and headroom dimensions are approximately one meter and a half. At the bottom of the pit is arranged a bed of sand and crushed stone, which is cast monolithic slab of reinforced concrete. This range is actually the Foundation of the future house. When the concrete hardens, the concrete Foundation blocks to build the walls of the basement in the configuration according to the draft. Then on top of a basement block usually concrete slabs. They serve as the ceiling of the basement and first floors at the same time. The basement walls from the outside gidroizolirovat and covered with soil cavity between them and the walls of the pit.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
The construction of the walls of the blocks is perhaps the most convenient system for construction of basement walls. But there is a lot of work. Because each unit will have level walls, as well as the vertical and horizontal axes. Therefore, as in brickwork, to lay the blocks, starting with the corners. To reliably bond the blocks together typically use special adhesive solution.
When laying out any kind of material you need to perform at least the simplest reinforcement of basement walls. It is accomplished by enabling horizontal linking elements. It is important for corners in which you can use items with a cross detail. In this way, the corners of such masonry will never disperse. Also in the reinforcement of basement walls is often used mesh. It helps to reduce the destruction of surface layers from the effects of temperature gradients and different vibrations. For reinforcement of the brick walls also need special fittings.
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
If in the basement will create a workshop, you should take into account that the ventilation should ensure effective removal from the premises of the exhaust gas, vapour of combustive-lubricating materials, which pose a serious risk to health. There are many cases where people just choked in the Studio from the exhaust.
Basement insulation on the outside is best done extruded polystyrene (PPS) or a polyurethane foam. Mineral wool completely unsuitable in this location due to its ability to absorb water. It is not necessary to insulate ordinary granular polystyrene, because it is also capable of a slight amount of moisture to pass.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Changing basement windows
Only well-equipped basement will be dry, without any smell of damp, and only use it as a full additional floor. It equipped with various storage rooms and a full room – boiler room, Laundry room, bath, wine cellar, Billiards room, etc.