The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Big basement windows
Basement-garage fully explains its name. But in this case, it is important to have convenient access to the garage. A basement need to build, based on the size of the car and space to access it from either side. You also need to provide a place to store all of the necessary tools and materials to work with the machine. Browse some photo of Big basement windows
The height of the basement: technical premises take from 1.9 to 2.2 m. If you are going to do from the basement of a dwelling, the height may be equal to the height of the floor or just below (2,5-2,7 m). At the close inception of the groundwater to the ground surface basement need to build from solid reinforced concrete (floor, walls). It is better to take concrete below grade M500 (or make concrete using cement grade M500).
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
Adding rebar to a concrete solution creates a durable and reliable concrete structure. Usually, it is used to build load-bearing walls with high technical performance indicators. To build a wall of pure concrete is expensive and inefficient, and the use of reinforcement significantly reduces the process. In addition, the reinforcement used in the creation of structures which must withstand high mechanical load.
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
Waterproofing membrane under the concrete Foundation can be placed over the foam and underneath. In both solutions, insulation and waterproofing basements or cellars will have the same performance. The traditional laying of the membrane on the concrete base insulation layer will protect it during construction works from mechanical damage and provide a robust enough surface for laying the slab Foundation.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Big basement windows
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.