The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement windows for sale
It is considered that the construction of basement costing too much. But upon closer inspection, it turns out that all numbers in this case, the arguments are insufficiently thorough. Utility rooms are needed in any home. They will be made in the form of a basement or spread out in width, as this allows the site — it should be decided in each case individually. House with a basement always has more value. Browse some photo of Basement windows for sale
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
Often construction requires large expenditures of funds. This is due to the fact that the construction of the basement must be implemented simultaneously with the construction of the Foundation. High consumption of materials creates additional costs. The choice of type of Foundation: slab Foundation, strip Foundation, pier Foundation.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
Waterproofing of underground (ground) floor of a private house, i.e. the basement (cellar, basement, underground) must be done at the construction stage. But, if the problem is already in the process of operation, it will have to perform internal waterproofing of walls, floor and even ceiling of the basement, i.e., from inside the premises.
Based on the building regulations the walls of the basement suit of reinforced concrete class B12,5 about compressive strength, precast concrete blocks or masonry (brick) masonry. Precast concrete blocks should also be made of the concrete class B12,5 and meet the requirements of the Standards. Structurally, the basement walls is usually combined with strip Foundation, and ceiling – reinforced concrete ground slab.
Reinforcement, monolithic walls of the basement can be executed independently. If you add the reinforcement details in the concrete, it of simple material becomes particularly strong. Reinforcement concrete walls is performed with the help of formwork and frame. To make the reinforced net can be a day after the flooding of the basement. All wall surfaces must be mounted vertically and in corners must be especially strong ligament.
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
The working principle of natural ventilation is based on the difference in temperature inside and outside of the basement, resulting in starts the movement of air. Thanks to this simple natural phenomenon, the air from the cellar in the sky, on the street, and the street comes fresh. Unfortunately, the thrust is sufficient natural ventilation is strongly influenced by the wind that would both enhance, and weaken the appetite.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
To organize quality and effective heated cellar or basement in a country house is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Especially if you want to make an underground room suitable for growing plants or for a longer stay of people. One only floor heating using the system of floor heating will not help. Read related articles on the subject of Basement windows for sale
The construction of the basement is an important and responsible process, which must be approached with knowledge of the matter. If you doubt your abilities, then discuss all the nuances of the device’s basement with specialists. We must not forget that a slight miscalculation in the construction and use of wrong materials can result in further costly repairs.