The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement windows edmonton
Most often in the basement, organize the warehouse, or use it for storage. If your garden plot you collect a good harvest, you won’t have the headache of where to store the gifts of nature and seaming. At a depth of 1.5 – 2 m keeps stable temperature about 5 degrees in winter and 10 degrees in summer. And this is the perfect conditions for food storage. Browse some photo of Basement windows edmonton
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
There are standard designs of basement s, in which you can make adjustments for site-specific, and individual. However, in any case when they are created need to consider one aspect, because it is easier to think of everything at the initial stage than, for example, to break down walls or other construction. In addition, the project is targeting each stage of the construction of the house. Of how well it was made and whether it was taken into account, will depend on the entire outcome and quality of life in the home as a whole.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
Only waterproofing without drainage is usually not able to protect the basement from water. In a basement without drainage a few years may not be water, and then she suddenly appears there. This has changed the hydrogeological conditions around the basement, which over time can change. Or water found a hole in the waterproofing of walls and floors. To protect the basement from water it is most advantageous when building a house to do wall ring drainage around the basement walls and Foundation.
Microclimate in any basement best supports the air handling system. It consists of two ducts, one for air intake and the other for exhaust. The lower end of the supply pipe is attached 50 cm from the floor of the basement, and the top needs to protrude beyond the level of the soil at 1 meter. The lower end of the exhaust pipe is located at 150 cm from the floor of the basement, beyond the top ridge of the roof 50 cm.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
To organize quality and effective heated cellar or basement in a country house is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Especially if you want to make an underground room suitable for growing plants or for a longer stay of people. One only floor heating using the system of floor heating will not help. Read related articles on the subject of Basement windows edmonton
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.