The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement security windows
Another purpose of the basement device here engineering communications of the building, such as ventilation unit, components of the heating system or power supply at home and even a small boiler – the boiler room . In the basement is provided by the practical ideal conditions for security of electricity and teploobrazovanija, maintenance or repair. Browse some photo of Basement security windows
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
Floors and basement walls must resist the pressure of the soil, to protect the basement from water and, to some extent, to insulate the room. To ensure durability, exterior basement walls should support internal of not more than 3 to 4 m To ensure protection against water, walls and floor of the basement pitch in the form of complex multilayer structures. In the best case, when ground water table is below the floor level of the basement, enough for 2 layers
Often construction requires large expenditures of funds. This is due to the fact that the construction of the basement must be implemented simultaneously with the construction of the Foundation. High consumption of materials creates additional costs. The choice of type of Foundation: slab Foundation, strip Foundation, pier Foundation.
All construction works should start with marking the site and the completion of the excavation for the Foundation. If the markup is verified, you can start digging trenches for the Foundation. Around the perimeter of the house trenches have the same depth and width. When the desired height of the basement in the 1.7-1.9 m depth of the trench should be about 1.7 m. the Excavated earth should be ignored on the outside, then it will be used in backfilling. When digging trenches, you must carefully monitor the quality of walls: they should be smooth and have no ledges that could lead to the collapse of the soil.
Usually basements gidroizolyatsiya already in the construction phase of the building. Wherein the protective material is laid under the floor, and they handled the walls of the underground space on the outside. However, nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later the waterproofing layer loses its quality. In the basement there is dampness. Of course, you can dig it up from the outside and glue the walls with another layer of waterproofing. However, the procedure is pretty slip. Besides the floors so the outside will not saibaiwei. In this case, is usually used some other way of protection from dampness, waterproofing basements from the inside.
Based on the building regulations the walls of the basement suit of reinforced concrete class B12,5 about compressive strength, precast concrete blocks or masonry (brick) masonry. Precast concrete blocks should also be made of the concrete class B12,5 and meet the requirements of the Standards. Structurally, the basement walls is usually combined with strip Foundation, and ceiling – reinforced concrete ground slab.
Basement walls need quality reinforcement, as on top of them will push the weight of the structures of the house, and on the sides of the surrounding building ground. For the walls of a small private basement binding of the reinforcement can be made with your own hands, without attraction of experts. Reinforcement is also used in cases when the expected high mechanical loads on the concrete structure.
The purpose of external drainage, the redirection of groundwater. There are two possible variant of the device of drainage path: drainage wall and ring. The first is built next to the Foundation walls with old houses is unacceptable, as it threatens the destruction of their base.
How to adjust the humidity in the basement? For this purpose, the mankind has already invented ventilation. Usually this useful site provides before the start of construction of the house. Vents (produhi), which are available in the basement part of the Foundation of almost any buildings, just play the role of ventilation. If the house is not yet built, this method of ventilation will be a smart decision, because does not require additional costs and is fully functional.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
Often, to increase the temperature of the air homeowners use electric heaters, while in the basement they look bulky and not always solve the problem. A good solution will be held in the basement of the heating system, however, from a technical point of view is the massive amount of work. Read related articles on the subject of Basement security windows
If you decide to build it all yourself, then be sure to get support. Even the trite advice of neighbors who have already made the cellars in their houses and know all about the level of groundwater and the terrain. When possible, the construction of the basement must be done, by hiring professionals.