The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement safety windows
Basement-garage fully explains its name. But in this case, it is important to have convenient access to the garage. A basement need to build, based on the size of the car and space to access it from either side. You also need to provide a place to store all of the necessary tools and materials to work with the machine. Browse some photo of Basement safety windows
Before you start to build a cellar, it is necessary to check the suitability of the land, namely, how it is saturated with moisture and as close to the surface are ground water. To precisely to understand, the need to invite experts-Hydrogeologists. They will conduct appropriate research, take soil samples, analyze and give a detailed answer. But in most cases even with the naked look in order to make the right conclusion.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
The Foundation should be doing the most robust and reliable that its walls could successfully resist the horizontal shifts due to the pressure of the surrounding soil. As a Foundation base is recommended to use a pillow of in-situ concrete, associated with ribbon cage. As the weight of the slab is large enough, the sole should be broad.
Digging the pit. This term means a full cleansing and cleaning of soil, the entire area of the future basement. After removal of the soil, should be placed at the bottom of the pit a layer of gravel, with a thickness of 10 cm should be compacted. Then filled with a levelling layer of concrete with a thickness of 5 cm, But before that the gravel should be laid roofing material for waterproofing of the bottom of the basement.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
Note that the carrying out of drainage works to drain the basement of the house will significantly reduce the area of the basement. First of all you need to pay attention to its height: it will inevitably decrease by 20-30 cm, as the drainage from the basement without laying drainage pipes and floor elevation will not work. The only way to preserve the aesthetic appeal of a well-ordered space.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
Before you start heating the communication to the ground floor, it is recommended to assess its condition and determine whether the need and feasibility of heating. If you meet all the construction technology of the ground floor, good insulation and waterproofing, it remains only to choose the right equipment for the heating of the ground floor, its installation and laying of wiring. Read related articles on the subject of Basement safety windows
The construction of the basement in the house — a problem faced by every owner of land. Imagine a cottage without a basement is almost impossible. The construction of the basement with their hands can easily solve the urgent problem of a lack of useful site and to get rid of many problems.