The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement glass block windows
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of Basement glass block windows
Which option to choose, everyone decides for himself. Perhaps the larger size of the basement it should be divided into sectors, with a heating system to mount not all the resulting “rooms”, but only part of them, depending on the purpose. On the one hand, will increase construction costs (partitions), but will make the operation of the basement more convenient and efficient.
Projects single-storey houses with a basement can be called the most common. The basement here is typically used to accommodate boilers, communication systems, etc. During the construction of the basement, special attention should be paid to the location of groundwater and the level of freezing of the soil, as these indicators influence the depth of the base under the house and the depth of the basement. If you do not consider these parameters when raising the groundwater in the basement moisture appears, which is going to be quite difficult.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
Digging trenches for the Foundation or basement is keeping all features of the project. Development of pits should include the necessity of removal of soil from the site and its disposal in landfills. Construction company Etalon, if needed, ensures the removal of soil during excavation works.
Waterproofing cellars and basements are necessary to protect the floors and walls of buildings against the penetration of groundwater and surface water. Basement waterproofing can be performed from the outside of the building and from the inside. The effects of water, waterproofing is divided into three types: gravity, protionamida , protivokariesnoe.
Monolithic basement walls poured on the technology of monolithic strip Foundation. In a nutshell: digging a trench, gets sand cushion, if necessary, set the formwork, waterproofing is placed, is the reinforcement, filled with concrete. If the first poured floor for basement, formwork for casting of walls is established only after complete drying of the concrete. Otherwise bracing of formwork under weight of fill of the mixture for the walls can be pressed into the floor of the basement and form pits.
Perimeter walls the best way to do solid, and the reinforcement of basement walls will be the key to his long life. Don’t forget that fittings must be laid before pouring the basement floor. I should add that the reinforcement must be done, regardless of the thickness of the future walls. As reinforcement best suited to the 12 mm rods, the first row which must be mounted in 5-7 cm from the soil surface. The greatest strength of the wall will give a double reinforcing mesh. The size of each cell should not exceed 40×40 cm.
Only waterproofing without drainage is usually not able to protect the basement from water. In a basement without drainage a few years may not be water, and then she suddenly appears there. This has changed the hydrogeological conditions around the basement, which over time can change. Or water found a hole in the waterproofing of walls and floors. To protect the basement from water it is most advantageous when building a house to do wall ring drainage around the basement walls and Foundation.
If the area of the basement is of considerable size, and the height of the ceiling exceeds 2 meters, it is best to provide in the construction of supply and exhaust ventilation. This system of ventilation is based on temperature difference inside and outside the premises. The design of the building will be sufficient to provide two air channel
When building a house on wet soil, depending on the values of the estimated load insulation of a floor heated room in the basement or cellar should be carried out according to the scheme adopted for load-bearing floors on the first floors of buildings. Created when groundwater pressure and, depending on the loads that create columns and walls, the insulation material of extruded polystyrene foam can be placed under concrete slabs laid on gravel, and over them.
In any case, when you install any heating first, it is necessary to consult with certain services, responsible. Self-install in the basement, you can except the heater, in all other cases will need the assistance of experts and professionals. The calculations that will be associated with the heating system in the basement, also it is better to trust the professionals. Read related articles on the subject of Basement glass block windows
In General, its advantages, of course, but there are drawbacks. The fact that the construction of the basement is quite expensive, say almost all, especially when you have to deal with the problem of high groundwater levels. This process is very time consuming and requires skilled performers. If the construction will be serious errors, then the footer will only bring You headache.