The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Basement egress window wells
In the basement repair the machines and keep them in garden tools, different technique. In the basement you can put a heat pump, ventilation equipment, water pump, Central vacuum and other equipment smart home. When building your own home, few who can avoid the temptation to do a basement conversion. Browse some photo of Basement egress window wells
Before you begin construction, you should accurately determine the size of the basement. They can be very different and depend on the design solutions of the future home and the preferences of the owner. When excavation experts do not recommend to deepen a basement in the ground to full height.
Before you start to perform the work necessary to perform geological studies to determine the groundwater level. This will help to establish the necessary depth of the basement and to solve some building issues. If the level is low you can dig a deep basement with high water are close to the surface) is constructed underground, or additionally constructed drainage ditch. After running the drawing and calculations of the future basement.
When building the Foundation for a country house it is worth considering the many climatic and geological conditions: the proximity of groundwater to the ground surface level, the tendency of the soil to deformation, and frost heave to. If the water table near the ground surface and is above freezing, there is a considerable risk of basement flooding, subsidence and destruction of the entire building. To avoid this, you need to spend on the site drainage works and to choose the right Foundation design for your home.
The excavation for the basement digs to a depth of not less than 2.1 m (if in the underground level of the planned unit boiler – 2.5 m). In addition, it is desirable that a basement was located under the whole area of the building. You can build and a partial basement – half or even one third the area of the house or under a room.
Internal basement waterproofing is a weak protection of groundwater. If you want to get a really good result, then you need to take a range of measures including external insulation of the Foundation and the drainage device. This work must be performed at the construction stage, and subsequently to make this work more difficult.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
Reinforcement of monolithic basement walls is performed using the power set, which is selected based on the thickness of the walls and anticipated load. For monolithic walls, often use a box scheme. In this case, the armature is collected by means of two power series and connecting horizontal rows of thin reinforcement products. Reinforcement of retaining walls perform better under the supervision of experts. For this work used special fittings with thickness up to 50 mm.
After planning and preparation of all necessary tools and materials, you can begin to create a system of drainage water with their hands. The inner drainage of the basement is not much different from the outside. There is also a certain depth is laid drains, which will bring water outside of the basement. The difficulty is that all the work will be carried out in domestic premises, which may not always be enough free space.
In fact, ventilation is a system of pipes or shafts to ensure the normal parameters of humidity, temperature and ventilation in the house. The ventilation of the basement of a private house may be compulsory and consist of a network of ventilation ducts with the supply device and an exhaust fan, and can be natural and consist of a supply and exhaust pipe.
The outer layer of insulation not only performs a heat insulating function, but also protects the waterproofing from mechanical and thermal damage. With insulation from the inside penetrating through the water vapor will turn into moisture at the junction with the wall, which can lead to the accumulation of moisture, smudges on finishing coatings and unpleasant smell in the room. And disadvantages of internal insulation not be immediately apparent, but over time.
After work on basement insulation can begin to address the heating issue. Of course, ideally, a source of heating the entire home must be located in the basement. But to install such a heating system requires a specialized ventilation system and ceilings having a height of 3 meters. When the location of the boiler in the basement of the forced and natural circulation of the coolant. Read related articles on the subject of Basement egress window wells
Basement – this room is arranged a little below the surface of the earth. Depending on the type of design and materials used cellars can be used for storage of materials, tools, as a workshop, in some cases as additional living space. The construction of the basement complex and time-consuming process, requiring specific knowledge and skills. Getting to the construction of the basement suggest to familiarize with the main types of work.