The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Awning basement windows
Another purpose of the basement device here engineering communications of the building, such as ventilation unit, components of the heating system or power supply at home and even a small boiler – the boiler room . In the basement is provided by the practical ideal conditions for security of electricity and teploobrazovanija, maintenance or repair. Browse some photo of Awning basement windows
Before the construction of basements it is necessary to conduct all the necessary calculations and make drawings of the future building. This should take into account the depth of soil freezing, as well as the negative destructive influence of groundwater. Groundwater is able to make the basement unsuitable for use. Prolonged exposure to groundwater leads to the destruction of the Foundation, and then the entire structure.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
When choosing a Foundation you need to consider several factors: type of soil, the total area of the future construction, the materials used, the ability of the excavation, the presence of a cellar under the extension. As the basis can be chosen tape or pier Foundation.
Development of the Foundation pit. For this we need a backhoe and dump truck for the removal of excess soil. There are few secrets. But the soil it is necessary to take not completely but only 2/3. The remaining third is still useful to us. Digging a Foundation for a house with a basement is done based on the design size of the house, adding roughly one and a half meters at the edges, so that later you can safely seal the resulting structure.
The device basement waterproofing involves protection of buildings outside and inside. However, it is not always possible to perform the waterproofing work on time and in full. And, as experience shows, to do them later is much more expensive and complicated. Depending on the plot, select vertical and horizontal waterproofing.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
When laying out any kind of material you need to perform at least the simplest reinforcement of basement walls. It is accomplished by enabling horizontal linking elements. It is important for corners in which you can use items with a cross detail. In this way, the corners of such masonry will never disperse. Also in the reinforcement of basement walls is often used mesh. It helps to reduce the destruction of surface layers from the effects of temperature gradients and different vibrations. For reinforcement of the brick walls also need special fittings.
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
If the basement will be used as a room, for example, gym, playroom or office, this room is supported by a complete system of heating – is an offshoot of the General heating system of the house. Then the heating of the basement of a private home is one of the types of fuel: solid, gaseous or liquid. Also in this room is possible to install an independent boiler or electric heating. Read related articles on the subject of Awning basement windows
Basement to build more complicated if you are not an expert in this matter. Before the construction of the basement of the foam it is also important to choose its location. Proper organization of the construction process will allow you to get a good result, that is, to preserve the original taste of pickles from the cellar or the functionality of the tools stored in the basement out of foam blocks, and to create out of the basement the whole separate rooms.