The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Anderson basement windows
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of Anderson basement windows
The height of the basement: technical premises take from 1.9 to 2.2 m. If you are going to do from the basement of a dwelling, the height may be equal to the height of the floor or just below (2,5-2,7 m). At the close inception of the groundwater to the ground surface basement need to build from solid reinforced concrete (floor, walls). It is better to take concrete below grade M500 (or make concrete using cement grade M500).
Projects of single-storey houses with a basement or without, as well as options for two and even three floors offered today by designers for private construction, are so diverse that the decision can be difficult. But the specific option is not always depends on the willingness of the customer, not even limited by a strict budget. We have to reckon with the climate area, where will be construction, the geological characteristics of the soil in the area, and topography of the site.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
Excavation is done in stages, by selecting a 50-cm layers of soil. In the end, the wall of the pit have a stepped structure, and the dimensions of the future of the Foundation will only match the bottom of the recess. The filling of the draining layer equip, placing on the bottom of the pit 15 to 20-cm layer of sand and small gravel. On top of this sandwich lay rolled waterproofing (membrane film or tar paper).
Usually basements gidroizolyatsiya already in the construction phase of the building. Wherein the protective material is laid under the floor, and they handled the walls of the underground space on the outside. However, nothing lasts forever, and sooner or later the waterproofing layer loses its quality. In the basement there is dampness. Of course, you can dig it up from the outside and glue the walls with another layer of waterproofing. However, the procedure is pretty slip. Besides the floors so the outside will not saibaiwei. In this case, is usually used some other way of protection from dampness, waterproofing basements from the inside.
For the construction of walls can be used bricks, foam concrete blocks and other suitable materials. It depends on the design of your home. As soon as the wall construction is completed, they must be isolated from water penetration from the outside. For this purpose, various waterproofing materials: roll of insulators, bitumen mastic, etc.
Reinforcement of monolithic basement walls is performed using the power set, which is selected based on the thickness of the walls and anticipated load. For monolithic walls, often use a box scheme. In this case, the armature is collected by means of two power series and connecting horizontal rows of thin reinforcement products. Reinforcement of retaining walls perform better under the supervision of experts. For this work used special fittings with thickness up to 50 mm.
If the basement area is large, have to pave multiple lines of the drains. The optimal distance between them was 3-3. 5 m. If the length of the wall does not exceed 4-5 m, the pipe is laid only along them. Therefore, the first stage of work is dependent on the configuration and size of the house. Or will it be markings under the line of the drains, or checking hydrorunner degree and direction of slope of the floor.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
In the underground part of the house has a fifth of the total teplopoteri. The lack of thermal insulation of the basement will lead to significant heat loss throughout the house. The insulation will protect the walls of the basement from freezing, prevent the appearance of dampness and mould development. Theoretically, you can insulate the basement the outside and inside, but more efficient continuous exterior insulation on the perimeter. Internal insulation is recommended, use only if you the outer.
The procedure for heating floor has its own quirks and nuances. Before the arrangement of heating it is recommended to take the necessary measures, which will not allow the heat to go out through the wall. This is done the insulation and waterproofing of exterior of the walls. To accomplish these goals, we need to dig out the Foundation. Read related articles on the subject of Anderson basement windows
It is worth noting that to do basements in existing buildings is not recommended because it will cause high construction costs. In addition, increase the risk of damage to the Foundation of the building, especially if the device runs basements with their hands.