The basement of a country house – one of his major premises. In a country house it can be used for technical needs – the garage, boiler room, water meter unit, Laundry facilities. Or for leisure, placing in a swimming pool, billiard room, sauna, gym, wine cellar, workshop and other auxiliary premises (storage rooms, etc.), which you would not like to see in the first or higher floors of a cottage or a bath. See below to learn more about Adding windows to basement
Finally, a basement with small Windows and modern finishes, it is possible to turn into a bright and living room. As we can see, the functions in the basement and why you need it can be a great many, the main thing that it was safe to be. Browse some photo of Adding windows to basement
Before the construction of basements it is necessary to conduct all the necessary calculations and make drawings of the future building. This should take into account the depth of soil freezing, as well as the negative destructive influence of groundwater. Groundwater is able to make the basement unsuitable for use. Prolonged exposure to groundwater leads to the destruction of the Foundation, and then the entire structure.
The order of construction of the basement depends on the level of groundwater. If they are too close to the surface, first formed the floor. Otherwise, work can begin with the construction of walls. First excavated pit with some margin in width (for the device of the formwork). Formed a cushion of sand and gravel. You then install the formwork, laying a waterproofing material, laid rebar and poured concrete.
The construction of the basement under the house requires additional labor and increases the consumption of materials. Therefore it is necessary to comprehensively consider options for the installation of foundations to reduce cost without loss of reliability and durability of the structure. Types of foundations: pile Foundation, raft Foundation, strip Foundation.
To make a future home large basement, you must excavate, and using formwork to build in this strip Foundation, so that it was located under each of the walls. In addition to filling concrete into the formwork, this method of construction it is possible to use ready-made concrete blocks. But then definitely need a crane.
One of the most important issues in the construction of the house is basement waterproofing. This is especially important when the project includes a basement. In this case, external and internal basement waterproofing from ground water the task priority. There are four main types of waterproofing a block Foundation. It concrete blocks are most often used for foundations of houses and other auxiliary buildings and structures.
During the construction of monolithic basement walls are equipped by technology of strip Foundation. To dig trenches on the bottom is filled with sand, installed formwork. After carrying out waterproofing measures laid reinforcing mesh and poured concrete. If you decided to pour the floor, then shuttering for shaping walls installed only after final solidification of the concrete. Otherwise, formwork bracing under the weight of the solution can be pressed into the floor, thereby forming unnecessary holes.
If you need to reinforce the basement walls, we can handle the work independently, without resorting to expensive services. The main thing – to know the technology and features of the reinforcement, monolithic walls. By adding a simple reinforcement concrete becomes more durable and reliable concrete. This applies when the device bearing structures (such as walls of buildings).
Drainage of the basement will save your home from seasonal flooding and strengthen the Foundation walls of your home. After all, through careful drainage of the supporting ground and backfill can reduce groundwater levels and reduce soil moisture. Ultimately, with drainage, you can increase the carrying capacity of the supporting soil, and affect the ability of soil to deformation of swelling, destroy the structure of the Foundation.
When designing a home it is important to pay sufficient attention to such important point, as the ventilation of the basement. In a private home, this issue is addressed simply by using the device of vents arranged in basement part of the Foundation. Vents, otherwise known as prospirits, you need to supply grids with small cells to the basement are unable to penetrate rodents, when holes remain open in the warm season. With the onset of cold weather, produhi should be sealed tightly.
Insulation for exterior insulation must meet two requirements: does not absorb moisture and does not react to the heaviness of the soil, that is not crumpled under her weight. Both can you say about extruded polystyrene. From the usual polystyrene it has a completely closed cell, which ensures its tightness, strength and endurance. Slabs of mineral wool is not used because of their creasing when backfilling with soil, and high levels of moisture absorption.
An important factor to determine the heating of the basement, you choose, will be the purpose of the room. If you plan to equip in the basement of the dwelling, will need full heating, so the heat was even in the terrible cold. Here are the relevant options of steam heating, gas boiler, if this involves designing. Read related articles on the subject of Adding windows to basement
To the operating room, you are ready after drying and prophylactic disinfection. In this case, suitable fire to the dry alcohol in the form of tablets (10 pieces). Here many things will affect the depth of the cellar and the proximity of groundwater, and it will have to define you. The cellar device troublesome and the price will depend on materials used and location. In a private house get it much cheaper.